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Współpraca badawczo-rozwojowa przedsiębiorstw: przegląd prac empirycznych

Karbowski, Adam (2016): Współpraca badawczo-rozwojowa przedsiębiorstw: przegląd prac empirycznych. Published in: Studia i Prace Kolegium Zarządzania i Finansów , Vol. 151, (December 2016): pp. 119-136.

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Abstract

In this work empirical studies (published in the time period 2001-2015) on R&D cooperation of firms are reviewed. In the empirical literature on R&D cooperation of firms the following research strands can be distinguished: (1) research on impact of R&D cooperation of firms on enterprise innovation, (2) research on characteristics of firms and markets conducive to formation of R&D cooperation in industry, (3) research on impact of knowledge spillovers on R&D cooperation of firms, and (4) research on impact of R&D cooperation on enterprise profitability. Empirical studies revealed a positive relationship between R&D cooperation and enterprise innovation, though the existence and strength of the indicated relationship depend heavily on the enterprise innovation measure selected by the authors of the research. The impact of (i) firm’s size, (ii) degree of market concentration, (iii) R&D intensity, and (iv) type of research performed by the enterprise on the probability of forming R&D cooperation is ambiguous. The analysis of relevant empirical studies indicates that knowledge spillovers incentivize firms to form R&D cooperation in the industry. The empirical literature further suggests that firms cooperating in R&D attain on average lower profit margins than firms competing in R&D.

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