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Health Inequalities for Immigrants in Canada : Quebec versus the Rest of Canada

LEBIHAN, Laetitia and MAO TAKONGMO, Charles Olivier and McKELLIPS, Fanny (2017): Health Inequalities for Immigrants in Canada : Quebec versus the Rest of Canada.

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Abstract

Little is known about immigrant health inequalities in Canada by province. To address this knowledge gap, we compare multiple health indicators among immigrants in Quebec, immigrants in the rest of Canada and Canadian-born individuals. The literature emphasizes that it is more difficult for immigrants in Quebec to integrate into the job market compared to immigrants in other Canadian provinces. There is an important link between the labour market situation of immigrants and their mental and physical health. Our results---obtained from data in the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS)---show that well-being and health indicators worsen significantly for immigrants in Quebec compared to their counterparts in the rest of Canada and Canadian-born individuals. This is particularly true for mental health and life satisfaction.

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