Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Information Asymmetry and Conditional Financial Sector Development

Asongu, Simplice and Nwachukwu, Jacinta (2017): Information Asymmetry and Conditional Financial Sector Development. Published in: Journal of Financial Economic Policy , Vol. 9, No. 4 (November 2017): pp. 372-392.

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Abstract

Purpose- The purpose of this study is to examine the role of reducing information asymmetry (IA) on conditional financial sector development in 53 African countries for the period 2004-2011.

Design/methodology/approach- The empirical evidence is based on contemporary and non-contemporary quantile regressions. Instruments for reducing IA include pubic credit registries (PCRs) and private credit bureaus (PCBs). Hitherto unexplored dimensions of financial sector development are employed, namely: financial sector dynamics of formalization, informalization, semi-formalization and non-formalization.

Findings- The following findings are established. First, the positive (negative) effect of information sharing offices (ISO) on formal (informal) financial development is consistent with theory. Second, ISOs consistently increase: (i) formal financial development, with the incidence of PCRs higher in terms of magnitude and (ii) financial sector formalization, with the impact of PCBs higher for the most part. Third, only PCBs significantly decrease informal financial development and both ISOs decrease financial sector informalization. Policy implications are discussed.

Originality/value- The study assesses the effect of reducing information asymmetry on financial development when existing levels of it matter because current studies based on mean values of financial development provide blanket policy implications which are unlikely to be effective unless they are contingent on prevailing levels of financial development and tailored differently across countries with high, intermediate and low initial levels of financial development.

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