Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Body Weight and Hypertension Risk in a Developing Country

Dang, Thang (2017): Body Weight and Hypertension Risk in a Developing Country.

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Abstract

This study provides a first causal inference of the link between body weight and the risk of hypertension among adults in a developing country, Vietnam. The study uses biological offspring’s body weight as an instrument for exogenous changes in parents’ body weight to address the potential problem of endogeneity and applies the instrumental variable approach to estimate the relationship of interest. The paper finds that on average an addition BMI unit causally increases the likelihood of being hypertensive by about 5.1–7.3% points for men and 5.6–8.2% points for women. The paper also shows that the impacts of body weight on the risk of hypertension are different with various age intervals. Furthermore, overweight or obesity causally enlarges the risk of hypertension compared to underweight or normal weight.

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