Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Dynamisation de la malédiction des ressources naturelles en Afrique sur les performances économiques : institution et guerre froide

Tcheta-Bampa, Tcheta-Bampa and Kodila-Tedika, Oasis (2018): Dynamisation de la malédiction des ressources naturelles en Afrique sur les performances économiques : institution et guerre froide.

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Abstract

This article articulates Acemoglu-Robinson's theory of inclusive and exclusive institutions to the theory of the effects of natural resources on the incentives of political elites to implement good institutions for development. If Africa is subject to the curse of natural resources it means that this continent has generally been organized on the basis of extractive institutions that have determined the conflicts between political elites, between border countries and between the great world powers. On this basis, this article proposes an original test over the period 1985-2010 for 30 African countries linking institutional quality to an indicator of dependence on natural resources and different control variables. The phenomenon of the curse is decreasing in Africa as we move away from the end of the Cold War.

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