Visser, Marcel P. (2008): Garch Parameter Estimation Using High-Frequency Data.
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Estimation of the parameters of Garch models for financial data is typically based on daily close-to-close returns. This paper shows that the efficiency of the parameter estimators may be greatly improved by using volatility proxies based on intraday data. The paper develops a Garch quasi maximum likelihood estimator (QMLE) based on these proxies. Examples of such proxies are the realized volatility and the intraday high-low range. Empirical analysis of the S&P 500 index tick data shows that the use of a suitable proxy may reduce the variances of the estimators of the Garch autoregression parameters by a factor 20.