Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Contemporary Drivers of Global Tourism: Evidence from Terrorism and Peace Factors

Asongu, Simplice and Nnanna, Joseph and Biekpe, Nicholas and Acha-Anyi, Paul (2018): Contemporary Drivers of Global Tourism: Evidence from Terrorism and Peace Factors. Forthcoming in: Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing

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Abstract

This study examines the effect of terrorism and peace on tourist destination arrivals using a panel of 163 countries with data for the period 2010 to 2015. The empirical evidence is based on Generalised Method of Moments and Negative Binomial (NB) regressions. Our best estimators are from NB regressions from which the following main findings are established. First, political instability, violent demonstrations and number of homicides negatively affect tourist arrivals while the number of incarcerations positively influences the outcome variable. Second the effects from military expenditure, “armed service personnel” and “security officers and polices” are not positively significant. Managerial implications are discussed.

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