Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Nowcasting GDP Growth Using a Coincident Economic Indicator for India

Bhadury, Soumya and Ghosh, Saurabh and Kumar, Pankaj (2019): Nowcasting GDP Growth Using a Coincident Economic Indicator for India.

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In India, the first official estimate of quarterly GDP is released approximately 7-8 weeks after the end of the reference quarter. To provide an early estimate of the current quarter GDP growth, we construct a Coincident Economic Indicator for India (CEII) using 6, 9 and 12 high-frequency indicators. These indicators represent various sectors, display high contemporaneous correlation with GDP, and track GDP turning points well. While CEII-6 includes domestic economic activity indicators, CEII-9 combines indicators on trade and services along with the indicators used in CEII-6. Finally, CEII-12 adds financial indicators to the indicators used in CEII-9. In addition to the conventional economic activity indicators, we include a financial block in CEII-12 to reflect the growing influence of the financial sector on economic activity. CEII is estimated using a dynamic factor model to extract a common trend underlying the highfrequency indicators. We use the underlying trend to gauge the state of the economy and to identify sectors contributing to economic fluctuations. Further, CEIIs are used to nowcast GDP growth, which closely tracks the actual GDP growth, both in-sample and out-of-sample.

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