Rena, Ravinder (2006): HIGHER EDUCATION IN AFRICA – A CASE OF ERITREA. Published in: Journal of Educational Planning and Administration , Vol. 21, No. 2 (13. April 2007): pp. 125-140.
Download (184Kb) | Preview
Education has long been recognized as a central element in development. The human capital formation is receiving increased attention from policy makers and scholars in different parts of the world particularly in developing countries. Eritrea is a newly born nation in Africa and is striving hard to develop its higher education. An attempt is made in this paper to analyze the educational trends, the strategies and challenges for higher educational development in the country. Furthermore, the paper also delves the development of higher education in the country since independence. The paper provides some implications for the for the policy purpose to develop higher education so as to curb the use of expatriate manpower in different sectors of the economy.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||HIGHER EDUCATION IN AFRICA – A CASE OF ERITREA|
|Keywords:||Higher Education, Africa, Eritrea, Human capital, economic growth, poverty|
|Subjects:||A - General Economics and Teaching > A2 - Economics Education and Teaching of Economics > A22 - Undergraduate
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I23 - Higher Education Research Institutions
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I21 - Analysis of Education
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I28 - Government Policy
A - General Economics and Teaching > A2 - Economics Education and Teaching of Economics
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I22 - Educational Finance
|Depositing User:||Ravinder Rena|
|Date Deposited:||21. Sep 2008 09:28|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2014 16:39|
Abdi, A. (2003), ‘Searching for Development Education in Africa: Select Perspectives on Somalia, South Africa and Nigeria’, International Education Journal Vol. 4, No 3, http://iej.cjb.net
Akkari Abdeljalil (2004), ‘Education in the Middle East and North Africa: The Current Situation and Future Challenges’, International Education Journal Vol. 5, No 2, pp.144-153, http://iej.cjb.net
Alexander A. Kwapong (1988), The Challenge of Education in Africa, Ota, Nigeria (October 24 to November 1,) Africa Leadership Forum Discussion paper.
Anyona J. K, Gravenir F. Q, Mse G. S. (2005), ‘The Cost Of Private University Education And Its Implications On Access By Different Socio-Economic Groups In Kenya’, Albany: USA The African Symposium on line Journal published by African Educational Research Network, Vol.5, No.4. pp 32-41.
Bloom David, David Canning, and Kevin Chan (2006), Higher Education and Economic Development in Africa Human Development Sector, Africa Region(February) This research was commissioned by the World Bank (AFTHD).
Bloom, DE., M Hartley, and H Rosovsky (2006), “Beyond Private Gain: The Public Benefits of Higher Education”, In James J. F. Forest and Philip G. Altbach, eds., International Handbook of Higher Education.
Cheryl, Sternman (2003), Rule, African Higher Education: An International Reference Handbook (Damtew Teferra and Philip. G. Altbach, eds., Indiana University Press, 2003), pp. 309-315.
De Meulemeester, Jean-Luc and Denis Rochat (1995), ‘A Causality Analysis of the link Between Higher Education and Economic Development’, Economics of Education Review (14) 4: 251–361.
Government of Eritrea (1994), Macro Policy Document, Asmara, Eritrea: Government Press.
Government of Eritrea (April, 2003), Education Sector Improvement Project (ESIP) Environmental And Social Management Framework (ESMF), Document No. E737, Asmara: The Government of Eritrea.
Lederman, D. and WF Maloney (2003), “R&D and Development.” Policy Research Working Paper No. 3024. World Bank.
Milton Friedman and Rose Friedman (1980), Free to Choose: A Personal Statement. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Jovanovich, p. 34.
Ministry of Education (2003), Eritrea: Basic Education Statistics from 1995-2003, Asmara: Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education (2001), Action Plan for the Development of National Framework, Asmara: Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education (June 1999), Our People, Our Future. A Framework for the Development of Human Resources in the Education Sector, Asmara: Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education (2006), ‘Tertiary Education in Eritrea: Issues, Policies, and Challenges’, Eritrea Profile, Vol. 13, No. 56(Part- I on 20 September); Vol.13, No. 57 (Part-II on 23 September).
Psacharopoulos, G. (1993), Why educational Policies can Fail. An overview of selected African experiences Washington DC: World Bank.
Psacharopoulos, G. (1994), Returns to Investment in Education: a Global update, World Development, 22, 1325–1343.
Pasacharopoulos, G. and H Patrinos (2002), “Returns to Investment in Education: A Further Update.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 2881, September.
Rena, Ravinder (2000), Financing and Cost Recovery in Higher Education: A Study with Special Reference to Private Colleges in Andhrapradesh, A Theses submitted for the award of Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, Dept. of Economics, Osmania University, Hyderabad, India.
Rena, Ravinder (2005a), ‘Eritrean Education – Retrospect and Prospect,’ Nairobi (Kenya): Eastern Africa Journal of Humanities and Sciences, Vol.5, No.2. ((A Biannual Journal Published by the Faculty of Humanities and Sciences, The Catholic University of Eastern Africa),pp .1-12.
Rena, Ravinder (2005b), ‘Financing of Education in Eritrea – A Case Study on Zoba Maakel,’ Albany (USA): The African Symposium, - A Publication of the African Educational Research Network Volume 5 No. 3 September 2005, pp.113-128. www2.ncsu.edu/ncsu/aern/TAS5.3Rena.pdf
Rena, Ravinder (2005c), ‘Gender Disparity in Education – An Eritrean Perspective’, USA: Global Child Journal (A Journal published by the To Love Children Organisation) Vol.2. No.1,pp. 43-49. http://www.tolovechildren.org/2004/Final%20for%20Web.pdf
Rena, Ravinder (2006) “Education and Human Resource Development in Post-independent Eritrea- An Explanatory Note”, International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 4. pp. 67-81 Barbados (West Indies) http://ijedict.dec.uwi.edu/viewarticle.php?id=159
Saint, W. S. (1992), Universities in Africa: Strategies for Stabilization and Revitalization, Washington DC: World Bank.
T-C Lin (2004), ‘The Role of Higher Education in Economic Development: an Empirical Study of Taiwan case’, Journal of Asian Economics 15 (2): 355–371.
Thompson, A.R. (1981), Education and development in Africa. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Tilak, J. B. G. (1992), ‘Student Loans in Financing Higher Education in India’, Higher Education, vol. 23(4), 389-404.
Tilak, J.B.G. (1994), Education for Development in Asia. Delhi: Sage Publications.
Tilak, JBG (2003), ‘Higher Education and Development’, Conference Paper: International Seminar: University XXI. Internet: www.mec.gov.br/univxxi/pdf/Jandhyala.pdf (Last accessed: February 21, 2006).
Varghese, N.V., (2004), Institutional Restructuring in Higher Education in Asia: Trends and Patterns, Paris: UNESCO-IIEP.
Wolff, EN., and M Gittleman (1993), ‘The Role of Education in Productivity Convergence: does higher education matter?’ In A Szirmai, B van Ark, and D Pilat (eds), Explaining Economic Growth. Amsterdam: North-Holland.
World Bank (2003), Project Appraisal Document On A Proposed Credit To The Government Of Eritrea For An Eritrea Education Sector Investment Project, The World Bank Report No: 25909.