Rena, Ravinder (2008): Education in Eritrea: Developmental Challenges. Published in: International Journal of Scientific Research in Education , Vol. 1, No. 1 (30. June 2008): pp. 41-53.
Download (277Kb) | Preview
The ongoing national reconstruction process of Eritrea is centered on educational reformation. The government of Eritrea placed educational policy on top priority for national development which demands the emergence of new class of trained youth blended with disciplined minds and skills instead of raw graduation. It had established about eight colleges at tertiary level within a short span of time to build human resource required for the present and future. In line with this, it laid down new policies and curricula suit to the immediate national scenario. This article analyzed the strengths and weaknesses of the educational policies, planning and the infrastructure requirements to meet the intended goal. It explored and analyzed Eritrean educational development and its key challenges. It also provided some useful insights for policy development. The data for the study were mainly collected from the reports of Ministry of Education and other colleges in Eritrea. The outcome of the educational reformation is expected to have a profound effect in the development of the country.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Education in Eritrea: Developmental Challenges|
|Keywords:||Education, Eritrea, Human capital and Economic development, Economic growth, Gender inequality|
|Subjects:||A - General Economics and Teaching > A2 - Economics Education and Teaching of Economics > A22 - Undergraduate
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I21 - Analysis of Education
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I23 - Higher Education Research Institutions
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I28 - Government Policy
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I22 - Educational Finance
|Depositing User:||Ravinder Rena|
|Date Deposited:||09. Jan 2009 06:45|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 13:49|
Altbach G. Philip (2007). Tradition and Transition: The International Imperative in Higher Education. The Netherlands: Sense Publishers.
Bacchus, M.K. (1992). Meeting the Higher Educational Needs of small States: Financial and Management Implications. Journal of Educational Planning and Administration, 6(4): 373-400.
Barro, R. and Sala-i-Martin, X. (1996). Economic Growth, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Barro, R. J., and Jong-Wha, L. (1993). International Comparison of Educational Attainment. Journal of Monetary Economics, 32: 363-94.
Blackden and Bhanu, (1998). Gender, Growth and Poverty Reduction: Special Program of Assistance for Africa. the World Bank, World Bank Technical Paper no. 428.
Government of Eritrea (1994). Macro Policy Document. Asmara: Government of Eritrea Press.
Government of Eritrea (2003). Education Sector Improvement Project (ESIP) Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF), Document No. E737 (April), Asmara: The Government of Eritrea.
Kremer, M. and Chen, D., (1999). Income Distribution Dynamics with Endogenous Fertility. American Economic Review, Vol. 89(2):155-160.
Mingat, A., and J.P.Tan (1986). Financing Public Higher Education in Developing Countries: The Potential Role of Loan Schemes. Higher Education 15: 283-297.
Ministry of Education (2004). Eritrea: Basic Education Statistics from 1995-2004, Asmara: Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education (2006). Tertiary Education in Eritrea: Issues, Policies, and Challenges. Eritrea Profile, 13, (56 and 57) (Part- I on 20 September); (Part-II on 23 September).
Myers, C. and Harbison, F., (1965). Education, Manpower and Economic Growth: Strategies of Human Resource Development, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Rena, Ravinder (2000). Financing and Cost Recovery in Higher Education: A Study with Special Reference to Private Colleges in Andhrapradesh. A Thesis submitted for the award of Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, Department of Economics, Osmania University, Hyderabad, India.
Rena, Ravinder (2005). Eritrean Education – Retrospect and Prospect. Nairobi (Kenya): Eastern Africa Journal of Humanities and Sciences, 5(2):1-12.
Rena, Ravinder (2006). Education and Youth in Post-independent Eritrea – An Analytical Study. USA: The African Symposium, 6 (3&4): 85-94. http://www2.ncsu.edu/ncsu/aern/TAS6.3.4.pdf
Rena, Ravinder (2007). Higher Education in Africa – A Case of Eritrea. New Delhi: Journal of Educational Planning and Administration,21(2): 125-140.
Rena, Ravinder (2008). Financing Education and Development in Eritrea – Some Implications. New Delhi: Manpower Journal, 43(1): 97-112.
Rena, Ravinder and Kidane Eyob (2008). Eritrean Educational Reforms– Issues, Perspectives and Policy Implications, Hyderabad, (India): The ICFAI University Press, pages: 285; ISBN: 978-81-314-1721-8.
Tilak, JBG (2003). Higher Education and Development. Conference Paper: International Seminar: University XXI. Internet: www.mec.gov.br/univxxi/pdf/Jandhyala.pdf (Last accessed: February 25, 2007).
United Nations Development Programme (1994). Human Development Report New York: Oxford University Press. p 4.
Website: Wikipedia (2008). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eritrea (accessed on 10 November, 2008).
World Bank (2000). Peril and Promise: Higher Education in Developing Countries, Washington DC.: World Bank.