Schoellman, Todd (2009): The Occupations and Human Capital of U.S. Immigrants.
Download (466kB) | Preview
This paper estimates the multi-dimensional human capital endowments of immigrants by characterizing their occupational decisions. This approach allows for estimation of physical skill and cognitive ability endowments, which are difficult to measure directly. Estimation implies that immigrants as a whole are abundant in cognitive ability and scarce in experience/training and communication skills. Counterfactual estimates of the wage impacts of immigration are skewed: the largest gain from preventing immigration is 3.2% higher wages, but the largest loss is 0.3% lower wages. Crowding of immigrants into select occupations plays a minor role in explaining these impacts; occupations’ skill attributes explain the bulk.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Occupations and Human Capital of U.S. Immigrants|
|Keywords:||Immigration; occupations; wages|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs > J31 - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
|Date Deposited:||24. Mar 2009 05:14|
|Last Modified:||23. Feb 2013 19:26|
Autor, D. H., F. Levy, and R. J. Murnane (2003): “The Skill Content of Recent Technological Change: An Empirical Exploration,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(4), 1279–1333.
Blinder, A. S. (2007): “How Many U.S. Jobs Might be Oﬀshorable?,” CEPS Working Paper No. 142.
Borjas, G. J. (1999): “The Economic Analysis of Immigration,” in Handbook of Labor Economics, ed. by O. Ashenfelter, and D. Card, vol. 3A, pp. 1697–1760. Elsevier Science, North-Holland Publishers.
(2003): “The Labor Demand Curve Is Downward Sloping: Reexamining the Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118, 1335–1374.
(2005): “The Labor-Market Impact of High-Skill Immigration,” The American Economic Review, 95(2), 56–60.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2004): “Occupational Employment Statistics,” Available online at http://www.bls.gov/oes/oes_2004_m.htm.
Card, D. (2001): “Immigrant Inﬂows, Native Outﬂows, and the Local Labor Market Impacts of Higher Immigration,” Journal of Labor Economics, 19(1), 22–64.
Chiswick, C. (1978): “The Growth of Professional Occupations in U.S. Manufacturing, 1900-73,” in Research in Human Capital and Development, ed. by I. Sirageldin. JAI Press, Greenwich, Conn.
Costinot, A., L. Oldenski, and J. E. Rauch (2009): “Adaptation and the Boundary of Multinational Firms,” NBER Working Paper 14668.
Dougherty, C. R. S. (1972): “Estimates of Labor Aggregation Functions,” Journal of Political Economy, 80, 1101–1119.
Gathmann, C., and U. Schonberg (2008): “How General is Human Capital? A Task- Based Approach,” Working Paper, Stanford University.
Hamermesh, D. (1993): Labor Demand. Princeton University Press.
Hendricks, L. (2002): “How Important Is Human Capital for Development? Evidence from Immigrant Earnings,” The American Economic Review, 92(1), 198–219.
Hensher, D. A., and W. H. Greene (2001): “The Mixed Logit Model: The State of Practice and Warnings for the Unwary,” Mimeo, New York University.
Ingram, B. F., and G. R. Neumann (2006): “The returns to skill,” Labour Economics, 13, 35–59.
Jensen, J. B., and L. G. Kletzer (2007): “Measuring Tradable Services and the Task Content of Oﬀshorable Services Jobs,” Working Paper.
Lazear, E. P. (2003): “Firm-Speciﬁc Human Capital: A Skill-Weights Approach,” NBER Working Paper No. w9679.
McFadden, D. (1974): “Conditional Logit Analysis of Qualitative Choice Analysis,” in Frontiers in Econometrics, ed. by P. Zarembka, pp. 105–142. New York: Academic Press.
Migration Policy Institute (2009): “Foreign-Born Population and Foreign Born as Percentage of the Total US Population, 1850 to 2007,” Available online at http://www. migrationpolicy.org.
Occupational Information Network (O*NET) and US Department of Labor/Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA) (2007): “Database 12.0,” Available online at http://www.onetcenter.org/overview.html.
Office of Policy and Planning U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (2003): “Estimates of the unauthorized immigrant population residing in the United States: 1990 to 2000,” Available online at http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/ statistics/publications/Ill\_Report\_1211.pdf.
Ottaviano, G. I., and G. Peri (2007): “The Eﬀects of Immigration on U.S. Wages and Rents: A General Equilibrium Approach,” Working Paper.
Peri, G., and C. Sparber (2008): “Highly-Educated Immigrants and Native Occupa- tional Choice,” Working Paper. (Forthcoming): “Task Specialization, Comparative Advantages, and the Eﬀects of Immigration on Wages,” American Economic Journal: Applied Micro.
Ritter, M. (2008): “Oﬀshoring, Trade in Tasks and Occupational Speciﬁcity of Human Capital,” Working Paper, University of Toronto.
Ruggles, S., M. Sobek, T. Alexander, C. A. Fitch, R. Goeken, P. K. Hall, M. King, and C. Ronnander (2004): “Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Ver- sion 3.0 [Machine-readable database],” Minneapolis, MN: Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], http://www.ipums.org.
Spitz-Oener, A. (2006): “Technical Change, Job Tasks, and Rising Educational De- mands: Looking outside the Wage Structure,” Journal of Labor Economics, 24(2), 235– 270.
Train, K. (2003): Discrete Choice Models with Simulation. Cambridge University Press.
U.S. Department of Labor, Employment, and Training Administration (1991): “Dictionary of Occupational Titles: Revised Fourth Edition,” Washington DC: 1991.
World Bank (2006): World Development Indicators.