Munich Personal RePEc Archive

A cross-national analysis of the relations between school choice and effectiveness differences between private-dependent and public schools

Dronkers, Jaap and Avram, S (2009): A cross-national analysis of the relations between school choice and effectiveness differences between private-dependent and public schools. Published in: Educational Research and Evaluation , Vol. 16, No. 2 (April 2010): pp. 151-176.

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Abstract

We apply propensity score matching to the estimation of differential school effectiveness between the publicly funded private sector and the public one, in a sample of 26 countries. This technique allows us to distinguish between school choice and school effectiveness processes and thus, to account for selectivity issues involved in the comparison of the two. Concerning school choice, we found two patterns: a choice of the upwardly mobile parents for private schools and a preference for segregation by (lower-) middle class parents. As regards school effectiveness, our results indicate that, after controlling for selectivity, a substantial advantage in reading achievement remains among students in publicly funded private schools in ten out of the 26 countries.

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