Mariam, Yohannes and Barre, Mike and Molburg, John (1997): Use of Aggregate Emission Reduction Cost Functions in Designing Optimal Regional SO2 Abatement Strategies.
Download (101Kb) | Preview
The 1990 Canadian long-range transport of air pollutants and acid deposition report divided North America into 40 sources of emission and 15 sensitive receptor sites. For the purpose of national policy making and international negotiation, the use of these large sources and few receptors may prove adequate. Due to inadequate information regarding cost of reducing emissions from each point source, it was felt necessary to design a method to generate cost functions for emission regions.
The objective of this study was to develop aggregate cost functions that relate the cost of SO2 emission reductions to the amount of reduction achieved. The cost curves generated presume the application of control technologies to achieve a mandated regional emission reduction in the year 2000. The study has also assumed that trading will take place among plants within a region.
The emissions inventories (GECOT and AIRS for the USA and RDIS for Canada) were used as the major source of data for the study. Cost functions were derived for forty emission regions. The functional forms that best fits estimated costs are either quadratic, power or linear in specifications. Furthermore, the cost functions indicted substantial variation (differences in marginal costs of removal) across emission regions. Preliminary analysis using Environment Canada’s Integrated Assessment Modelling platform indicated that strategies that make use of these functions and environmental goals will cost the industry and government the minimum amount compared to those that relay on quantitative emission reductions. Considering the findings of studies that indicated exposure of several watersheds to excess depositions of SO2 compared to critical loads, policy makers should examine ways of reducing emissions beyond what is already committed for the year 2005 or 2010. Future work will investigate interregional trading, especially between the bordering states of the USA and provinces of Canada based on these cost functions.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Use of Aggregate Emission Reduction Cost Functions in Designing Optimal Regional SO2 Abatement Strategies|
|Keywords:||long-range transport; air pollutants; acid deposition; North America ; sources; emission; cost functions; Canada; long-range transport; air pollutants; acid deposition; sources-receptors; SO2; cost curves; control technologies; USA; Integrated Assessment Modelling|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Single Equation Models; Single Variables > C22 - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q4 - Energy > Q48 - Government Policy
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R3 - Real Estate Markets, Production Analysis, and Firm Location > R38 - Government Policy; Regulatory Policy
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q57 - Ecological Economics: Ecosystem Services; Biodiversity Conservation; Bioeconomics; Industrial Ecology
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q51 - Valuation of Environmental Effects
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q4 - Energy > Q43 - Energy and the Macroeconomy
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q55 - Technological Innovation
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q52 - Pollution Control Adoption Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q56 - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C6 - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling > C61 - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
|Depositing User:||Yohannes Mariam|
|Date Deposited:||04. Nov 2006|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 07:22|
Air Quality Committee. Canada-United States Air Quality Agreement. Progress Report, 1996. Cohon, J.L. Multiobjective programming and planning. Academic Press, Inc., NY, 1978. Ellis, J.H. European J. Operations research, 1982, 35, 365-377. Ellis, J. H. European J. Operations research, 1990,46, 313-321. Ellis, J. H., and Bowman, M.L. J. of Environmental Engineering, 1994, 120, 273-290. Environment Canada. Management Plan for Nitrogen Oxides and Volatile organic Compounds, Phase I, 1990. Environment Canada. The 1990 Canadian Long-Range Transport of Air Pollutants & Acid Deposition Assessment report: Part 1, Executive Summary; & Part 4, Aquatic Effects,1990 Environment Canada. Working paper for proposed SO2 Emission Trading Zones in Eastern Canada. May, 1993. Gough, C.A., Bailey, P.D., Biewald, B., Kuylenstier, J.C.I. and Chadwick, M.J. Energy policy, 1994, 22, 1055-1066. MOI . MOI Report of Work Group 2 on Atmospheric Sciences and Analysis, US-Canada Memorandum of Intent on Transboundary Air Pollution, 1982. Molburg, J.C., SO2 Emission Reduction Cost Functions: Preliminary Assessment for US and Canadian Regions. Project report to Environment Canada, 1996 Noyes, R. Handbook of Pollution Control Processes. Park Ridge, NJ, Noyes Publications, 1991. SENES Consultants Limited. Canadian Control Technology Costing Study for NOX, VOCs, and SO2, 1995. South, D. W. and et. al Technologies and Other Measures for Controlling Emissions: Performance, Costs, and Applicability, National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program, 1990. Weaver, J. B. and Bauman, H. C. In Chemical Engineers’ Handbook: Perry, R. H. and Chilton, C. H. Ed.: New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1973, pp. 15-25.