Appleton, Simon and Song, Lina and Xia, Qingjie (2008): Growing out of poverty: trends and patterns of urban poverty in China 1988–2002.
Download (190kB) | Preview
This paper estimates trends in absolute poverty in urban China from 1988 to 2002 using the Chinese Household Income Project (CHIP) surveys. Poverty incidence curves are plotted, showing that poverty has fallen markedly during the period regardless of the exact location of the poverty line. Income inequality rose from 1988 to 1995 but has been fairly constant thereafter. Models of the determination of income and poverty reveal widening differentials by education, sex and party membership. Income from government anti-poverty programs has little impact on poverty, which has fallen almost entirely due to overall economic growth rather than redistribution.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Growing out of poverty: trends and patterns of urban poverty in China 1988–2002|
|Keywords:||poverty, inequality, economic growth, welfare, public policy, China|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights > O38 - Government Policy
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs > J38 - Public Policy
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J7 - Labor Discrimination > J70 - General
|Depositing User:||Lina Song|
|Date Deposited:||20. Apr 2008 13:56|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 12:57|
Appleton, Simon (2001), "The rich are just like us, only richer" Poverty functions or consumption functions? Evidence from Uganda" Journal of African Economies, 10(4): 433-469.
Appleton, Simon, John Knight, Lina Song and Qingjie Xia (2002) “Labour Retrenchment in China: Determinants and Consequences”, China Economic Review,13(2-3): 252-275.
Appleton, Simon, Lina Song and Qingjie Xia (2005) “Has China crossed the river? The evolution of the wage structure in urban China” with Lina Song and Qingjie Xia, Journal of Comparative Economics, 33(5): 644-663, 2005.
Chen, J. (eds) (2001). China’s Social Security Development Report: 1997-2001 (Zhong Guo She Hui Bao Zhang Fa Zhan Bao Gao: 1997-2001). Beijing: Social Sciences Literature Press (She Hui Ke Xue Chu Ban She).
Chen, S. and Y. Wang (2001), “China’s growth and poverty reduction: recent trends between 1990 and 1999”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 2651.
Datt, G. and Ravallion, M. (1992). “Growth and Redistribution Components of Changes in Poverty Measures: A Decomposition with Applications to Brazil and India in the 1980s”, Journal of Development Economics 38(2): 275-295.
Dollar, David and Aart Kray (2000) "Growth is good for the Poor", World Bank Working Paper, available to download from www.worldbank.org/research.
Fang, Cheng, Xiaobo Zhang and Shenggen Fan (2002), “Emergence of urban poverty and inequality in China: evidence from household survey” China Economic Review 12: 430-443.
Fields, Gary (2001) Distribution and Development, Cambridge, MA: Russell Sage Publishers.
Fishlow, A. (1972), “Brazilian size distribution of income” American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings 391-402. Foster, J., J. Greer and E. Thorbecke (1984), "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Indices", Econometrica, Vol. 52, pp. 761-765.
Khan, Azizur (1996) The impact of recent macroeconomic and sectoral changes on the poor and women in China New Delhi: ILO.
Khan, Azizur(1998) “Poverty in China in the era of globalization”, Issues in Development Discussion Paper 22 International Labour Organisation: Geneva.
Khan, A.R., K.Griffin, C. Riskin and Zhao Renwei (1993) “Household income and its definition in China”, paper 1 of Griffin, Keith and Zhao Renwei (eds.), The Distribution of Income in China Macmillan: London.
Khan, A. and C. Riskin (2001) Inequality and poverty in China in the age of globalization Oxford University Press: New York.
Knight, John and Lina Song (1999) The rural-urban divide: economic disparities and interactions in China, Oxford University Press: Oxford.
Knight, John and Lina Song (2005) Towards a labour market in China, Oxford University Press: Oxford
Kuznets, Simon (1955), “Economic growth and income inequality” American Economic Review 45(1): 1-28.
Meng, Xin, Gregory, Robert and Wang, Youjuan (2005), "Poverty, Inequality, and Growth in Urban China, 1986-2000", Journal of Comparative Economics 33(4): 710- 729.
Park, Albert, Yang Du and Sangui Wang (2004), “Is migration helping China’s poor?”, paper presented at a conference on “Poverty, Inequality, Labour Market and Welfare Reform in China”, 25-27 August, Australian National University: Canberra.
Ravallion, M. (1992) “Poverty comparisons: a guide to concepts and methods”, Living Standards Measurement Paper No. 88, World Bank: Washington DC.
Ravallion, M. and S. Chen (2004), “China’s (Uneven) Progress against Poverty”, paper presented at a conference on “Poverty, Inequality, Labour Market and Welfare Reform in China”, 25-27 August, Australian National University: Canberra.
Ravallion, Martin and Monica Huppi (1991), "Measuring changes in poverty: a methodological case study of Indonesia during an adjustment period", World Bank Economic Review 5(1): 57-82.
Riskin, Carl, Zhao Renwei, and Li Shi (eds.) (2001) China’s Retreat from Equality: Income Distribution and Economic Transition M.E. Sharpe: Armonk, N.Y.
Shang, Xiaoyuan and Saunders, Peter (2001), “Social Security Reform in China's Transition to a Market Economy”, Social Policy and Administration 35 (3), 274-289.
Song, Lina and Appleton, Simon (2008), “Life Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants" IZA Discussion Papers, 3443
Wang QB, Shi GM and Zheng Y (2002) “Changes in income inequality and welfare under economic transition: evidence from urban China” Applied Economics Letters 9 (15): 989-991.
Wu. F. (2004), “Urban poverty and marginalization under market transition: the case of Chinese cities” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 28(2): 401-423.
Wong, Linda (1998), Marginalization and Social Welfare in China, Routledge:London.
World Bank (2001), World Development Report 2000/01: Attacking Poverty Oxford University Press: New York.