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The Log-GARCH Model via ARMA Representations

Sucarrat, Genaro (2018): The Log-GARCH Model via ARMA Representations.

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The log-GARCH model provides a flexible framework for the modelling of economic uncertainty, financial volatility and other positively valued variables. Its exponential specification ensures fitted volatilities are positive, allows for flexible dynamics, simplifies inference when parameters are equal to zero under the null, and the log-transform makes the model robust to jumps or outliers. An additional advantage is that the model admits ARMA-like representations. This means log-GARCH models can readily be estimated by means of widely available software, and enables a vast range of well-known time-series results and methods. This chapter provides an overview of the log-GARCH model and its ARMA representation(s), and of how estimation can be implemented in practice. After the introduction, we delineate the univariate log-GARCH model with volatility asymmetry ("leverage"), and show how its (nonlinear) ARMA representation is obtained. Next, stationary covariates ("X") are added, before a first-order specification with asymmetry is illustrated empirically. Then we turn our attention to multivariate log-GARCH-X models. We start by presenting the multivariate specification in its general form, but quickly turn our focus to specifications that can be estimated equation-by-equation - even in the presence of Dynamic Conditional Correlations (DCCs) of unknown form. Next, a multivariate non-stationary log-GARCH-X model is formulated, in which the X-covariates can be both stationary and/or nonstationary. A common critique directed towards the log-GARCH model is that its ARCH terms may not exist in the presence of inliers. An own Section is devoted to how this can be handled in practice. Next, the generalisation of log-GARCH models to logarithmic Multiplicative Error Models (MEMs) is made explicit. Finally, the chapter concludes.

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