Tausch, Arno (2008): The Efficiency of Social Expenditures in the Fight Against Extreme Poverty in Europe [Die Effizienz Der Sozialausgaben Im Kampf Gegen Extreme Armut in Europa].
Download (851kB) | Preview
In this qualitative sociological and quantitative economic policy paper, we show the trade-off between social expenditures and absolute poverty, and construct a non-parametric efficiency indicator, combining the residuals from the trade-off between social expenditures per capita and absolute poverty from recent EU-Commission and UNDP data (% of the population below 10 Euros, 5 Euros, and 13 Dollars a day, as well as % of the population dying before age 60). Among the older EU-15 members, Germany is among the least efficient systems, while the Czech Republic again leads the field, thus replicating recent results reported by Heshmati et al.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Efficiency of Social Expenditures in the Fight Against Extreme Poverty in Europe [Die Effizienz Der Sozialausgaben Im Kampf Gegen Extreme Armut in Europa]|
|Keywords:||Social Spending, European Commission, Index Numbers and Aggregation, Cross-Sectional Models, Spatial Models, Economic Integration, Regional Economic Activity, International Factor Movements, International Political Economy|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F15 - Economic Integration
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C4 - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics > C43 - Index Numbers and Aggregation
F - International Economics > F5 - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F21 - International Investment ; Long-Term Capital Movements
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Single Equation Models ; Single Variables > C21 - Cross-Sectional Models ; Spatial Models ; Treatment Effect Models ; Quantile Regressions
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
|Depositing User:||Arno Tausch|
|Date Deposited:||27. Sep 2008 14:44|
|Last Modified:||11. Dec 2013 01:36|
Addison T. and A. Heshmati (2004), The New Global Determinants of FDI Flows to Developing Countries: The Impacts of ICT and Democratization, Research in Banking and Finance 4, 151-186.
Adema W., et al. (1996), Net Public Social Expenditure, OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers, No. 19; OECD Publishing. Doi: 10.1787/122001486025.
Agénor P.R. (2003). Does Globalisation Hurt the Poor?, (unpublished manuscript), World Bank: Washington DC. .
Aiginger K. (2008), Performance Differences in Europe: Tentative Hypotheses on the Role of Institutions. WIFO Working Paper, REPEC/IDEAS, University of Connecticut.
Aiginger K., et al. (2007), Reform Perspectives on Welfare State Models in Global Capitalism. WIFO Working Paper, REPEC/IDEAS, University of Connecticut.
Alber J. and P. Lenarz (2008), Wachsende soziale Ungleichheit in Europa. Die Lebensqualitaet unterer Einkommensschichten in der erweiterten Europaeischen Union, in: Informationsdienst Soziale Indikatoren; Mannheim: GESIS; January 2008: 1-5.
Albert M. (1991), Capitalisme contre Capitalisme, Paris: Editions du Seuil.
Andersen T.M. and T.T. Herbertsson (2003), Measuring Globalization. IZA Discussion Paper. 2003:817. Bonn: IZA. .
Apps P. and R. Rees (2004), Fertility, taxation, and family policy, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 106(4), 745-763.
Arcelus F., B. Sharma and G. Srinivasan (2005), Assessing the information content of the technology achievement index in the presence of the human development index, Economics Bulletin 15(4), 1-5.
Archibugi D. and A. Coco (2004), A New Indicator of Technological Capabilities for Developed and Developing Countries (ArCo), World Development 32(4), 629-654.
Atkinson A. (2005), Atkinson Review: Final report: The measurement of government output and productivity for the national accounts, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke.
Atkinson A.B., B. Cantillon, E. Marlier and B. Nolan (2002), Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Atkinson A.B., E. Marlier and B. Nolan (2004), Indicators and targets for social inclusion in the European Union, Journal of Common Market Studies, 42(1), 47-75.
Barr N. (1998), The Economics of the welfare state, 3rd edition, Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.
Barro R.J. and J-W. Lee (2000), International data on educational attainment: updates and implications, Centre for International Development at Harvard University, CID Working Paper 2000:42.
Bhandari A. K. and A. Heshmati (2007), Measurement of Globalization and its Variations among Countries, Regions and over Time, in A. Heshmati and A. Tausch, Roadmap to Bangalore? Globalization, the EU's Lisbon Process and the Structures of Global Inequality, Nova Science Publishers.
Boyer R. and Y. Saillard [eds.] (1995), Théory de la Régulation. L’État des Savoirs: Paris: Editions La Découverte&Syros.
Canoy M. and F. Lerais (2007), Beyond GDP, Overview paper for the Beyond GDP conference. Bureau of European Policy Advisers (BEPA), European Commission. Available at: www.beyond-gdp.eu/download/bgdp-bp-bepa.pdf .
Chow P.C.Y. (2008), Social Expenditures in Taiwan (China); http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/APCITY/UNPAN024837.pdf.
Clesse A. (2008), The enlargement mess, Europe’s World, 1, 2008, available freely online at: http://www.europesworld.org/EWSettings/Article/tabid/78/Default.aspx?Id=bc779ce3-5e4c-41fd-ba3a-8a48e0f4cff5
Cook S. and H.J. Kwon (2007), Social Protection in East Asia in: Global Social Policy 7(2); London et altera: Sage, 2007: 223-229.
Esping-Andersen G. (1990), The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. London: Polity Press.
Esping-Andersen G. (1996), Welfare States in Transition. London: Sage.
Esping-Andersen G. (1999/2000), Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies, Oxford: Oxford University Press: 34 f.
European Commission (2000), Communication to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Social Policy Agenda; Brussels 28.6.2000; COM(2000) 379 final.
European Commission (2003), Joint Report on Social Exclusion Summarising the Results of the Examination of the National Action Plans for Social Inclusion (2003-2005). Brussels.
European Commission (2005), A new start for the Lisbon Strategy, available at: http://europa.eu.int/growthandjobs/index_en.htm.
European Commission (2006), Joint report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion 2006, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities.
European Commission (2007), Efficiency and Effectiveness of Social Spending. Achievements and challenges. Background note for the informal ECOFIN of 4-5 April 2008, Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs, Brussels, ECFIN/E3(2007)/REP/50604
European Commission (2007), Joint report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion 2007, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities.
European Commission (2008), Proposal for a Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion 2008, COM (2008) 42 final, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities.
Farell M.J. (1957), The measurement of productive efficiency, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A – General, 120, part 3, 253-281.
Ferrara, M., A. Hemerijck and M. Rhodes (2000), The future of social Europe: Recasting work and welfare in the new economy, Oeiras, Celta Editora.
Gogh I. (2001), Globalization and Regional Welfare Regimes. The East Asian Case, in: Global Social Policy; London et altera: Sage, 2001; 1(2): 163-189).
Gough I. (2000), Global Capital: Human Needs and Social Policies. London: Palgrave.
Gough I. (2004), Human Well-Being and Social Structures. Relating the Universal and the Local, in: Global Social Policy, 4; London et altera: Sage, 2004:289-311; here: 301).
Grupp H. and M.E. Mogee (2004), Indicators of National Science and Technology Policy: How Robust are Composite Indicators?, Research Policy 33, 1373-1384.
Hair J.F., B. Black, B. Babib, A.R. Anderson and R.L. Tatham (2006), Multivariate Analysis, New York: Prentice Hall.
Harris P. (2004), Social Inclusion, Globalisation and the Commonwealth. in C.J. Finer & P. Smyth (eds), Social Policy ad the Commonwealth. London: Palgrave.
Herrmann P. (2005), Quality and Accessibility of Social Services for Inclusion. General Report: Brussels: Eurodiaconia, 2005.
Herrmann P. (2007a), European Social Model – Existence, Non-Existence or Biased Direction, Aghabullogue/Cork: William Thompson Working Papers, 1; http://wiliam-thompson.ucc.ie.
Herrmann P. (2007b), Person-Oriented Services and Social Services Providers in Comparative European Perspective, New York: Nova, 2007.
Herrmann P. (2007c), Social Professional Activities and the State; New York: Nova, 2007.
Herrmann P. (2008a), Social Quality and Challenges to Global Policy, [working title]; Hong Kong/Taipei: Casa Verde, forthcoming.
Herrmann P. [ed.] (2008b), Contemporary Trends in the Academic World – Between Social Commitment and Market Performance; New York: Nova Science, forthcoming.
Herrmann P. and D. Ryane (2005), Education – Just Another Commodity. Exposing the Rhetoric of «Human Capital» in the Light of Social Quality, in: Herrmann P. (ed.): Utopia between Corrupted Public Responsibility and Contested Modernity. Globalisation and Social Responsibility; New York: Nova Science, 2005: 43-60.
Herrmann P., A. Brandstaetter and C. O'Connell (2007), Defining Social Services – between the particular and the general, Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Heshmati A. (2003), Productivity Growth, Efficiency and Outsourcing in Manufacturing and Services, Journal of Economic Surveys 17(1), 79-112.
Heshmati A. (2006a), The World Distribution of Income and Income Inequality: A Review of the Economic Literature, Journal of World Systems Research 12(1), 60- 107.
Heshmati A. (2006b), Measurement of a Multidimensional Index of Globalization, Global Economy Journal 6(2), Paper 1.
Heshmati A. (2007), Growth, Inequality and Poverty Relationships, in A. Heshmati and A. Tausch, “Roadmap to Bangalore? Globalization, the EU's Lisbon Process and the Structures of Global Inequality”, Nova Science Publishers.
Heshmati A. and A. Tausch (2007), Eds., Roadmap to Bangalore? Globalization, the EU's Lisbon Process and the Structures of Global Inequality, Nova Science Publishers.
Heshmati A. and associates (2008), “Efficiency and Effectiveness of Social Spending” IZA Discussion Paper No. 3482, available at: http://www.iza.org/index_html?lang=en&mainframe=http%3A//www.iza.org/en/webcontent/publications/papers/viewAbstract%3Fdp_id%3D3482&topSelect=publications&subSelect=papers
Heshmati A. and J-E. Oh (2006), Alternative Composite Lisbon Development Strategy Indices: A Comparison of EU, USA, Japan and Korea, The European Journal of Comparative Economics 3(2), 133-170.
HM Treasury, Federal Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Finance, Sweden (2008), Social Brdges II. The importance of human capital for growth and social inclusion. A joint paper by the Swedish Ministry of Finance, German Ministry of Finance and HM Treasury, Stockholm, Berlin & London, March 2008.
Hotelling H. (1933), Analysis of a Complex of Statistical Variables into Principal Components, Journal of Educational Psychology 24, 417-441 and 24, 498-520. .
Jayasuriya K. (2006), Statecraft, Welfare and the Politics of Inclusion, London Palgrave.
Jayasuriya K. (2008), Changing ideas of social policy from the welfare state to the enabling state, University of Western Australia, School of Social Work and Social Policy.
Jessop B. and N-L. Sum (2006), Beyond the Regulation Approach: Putting Capitalist Economies in their Place, Cheltenham/Northampton: Edward Elgar.
Kang S.M. (2002), A Sensitivity Analysis of the Korean Composite Environmental Index. Ecological Economics 43, 159-174.
Katz S. (2006), Indicators for complex innovation systems, Research Policy 35(7), 893-909.
Lindbeck A. (2006), Sustainable Social Spending, International Tax and Public Finance, 13(4), 303-324.
Lockwood B. (2004), How Robust is the Foreign Policy-Kearney Globalization Index?, The World Economy 27, 507-523. .
Mirchandani D. (1999), Economic and social indicators of global competitiveness: an analysis of country rankings, 8th International Eastern Academy of Management Conference, (CD Rom version) Prague.
Nasierowksi W. (2007), Assessing Efficiency of Innovation: Some issues relevant to the European Innovation Scoreboard Index, University of New Brunswick, Faculty of Business Administration Working Paper Series #2007-004.
Olson M. (1986), A Theory of the Incentives Facing Political Organizations. Neo - Corporatism and the Hegemonic State, International Political Science Review, 7, 2, April: 165 - 89.
Papadopoulos F. and P. Tsakloglou (2003), Social Exclusion in the EU: A Capability- Based Approach, Unpublished paper, Athens, May 2003.
Pearson K. (1901), On Lines and Planes of Closest fit to Systems of Points in Space, Philosophical Magazine 6(2), 559-72.
Powell M. and A. Barrientos (2004), Welfare Regimes and Welfare Mix, in: European Journal of Political Research; Oxford: Blackwell, 2004 [43: 83-100].
Ravallion M. (2005), On measuring aggregate "social efficiency", Economic Development and Cultural Change, 53(2), 273-92.
Rein M. (1970), Social Policy: Issues of Choice and Change. New York: Sharpe.
Rein M. (1976), Social Science and Public Policy. London: Penguin.
Saisana M. and S. Tarantola (2002), State-of-the-art report on current methodologies and practices for composite indicator development, Joint Research Centre – European Commission, I-21020 Ispra (VA), Italy.
Schmieding H. (2007), It’s all about Real Estate; in Newsweek – www.newsweek.com/id/84506.
Schumpeter J.A. (1934), The theory of economic development. An inquiry into profits, capital, credit, interest, and the business cycle, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
Schumpeter J.A. (1942), The Process of Creative Destruction, London: Unwin.
Schumpeter J.A. (1950), Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, Third Edition. New York & London: Harper & Row, 1975.
Sen A. (1987), Equality for What?, in S.M. McMurrim (ed.), Tanner Lectures on Human Values, Vol. 1. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.
Sen A. (1992), Inequality Re-examined. Oxford: Clarendon.
SPSS (2007), Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, User Guide, Version 14, August 2007.
Tausch A. (2006), On heroes, villains and statisticians, The Vienna Institute Monthly Report, No. 7, July 2006: 20 - 23. Vienna: The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies (wiiw).
Tausch A., A. Heshmati and C.S.J. Bajalan (2007), Measurement and Analysis of Child Well-Being in Middle and High Income Countries, IZA Discussion Papers, REPEC/IDEAS, University of Connecticut (December 2007) No. 3203.
Tausch A., A. Heshmati and C.S.J. Bajalan (2007), On the Multivariate Analysis of the “Lisbon Process, IZA Discussion Papers, REPEC/IDEAS, University of Connecticut (December 2007) No. 3198.
Tausch A., A. Heshmati and J-E. Oh (2007), The Lisbon Development Process. A Note on a New Composite Lisbon Strategy Index, in A. Heshmati and A. Tausch, Roadmap to Bangalore? Globalization, the EU's Lisbon Process and the Structures of Global Inequality, Nova Science Publishers.
Tausch A., C. Bischof and K. Mueller (2007), Does Europe waste its human capital? First statistical estimates of the real situation of Europe's Muslims and the Lisbon process, MPRA Paper No. 4982, REPEC/IDEAS, University of Connecticut.
Taylor-Gooby P. (1996), The Response of Government: Fragile Convergence?, In: George, Vic/Taylor-Gooby P. [Eds.] European Welfare Policy. Squaring the Welfare Circle; Houndmills et al.: Macmillan Press Ltd., 199 ff.
Titmuss R.M. (1974), Social Policy: An Introduction. London: Allen & Unwin.
WCY (2006), World Competitiveness Yearbook, IMD, Lausanne, Switzerland.
Wilensky H.L. and C.N. Lebeaux (1976), Individual Society and Social Welfare. New York: Free Press.