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Loan sales and the tyranny of tistance in U.S. residential mortgage lending

van der Plaat, Mark (2020): Loan sales and the tyranny of tistance in U.S. residential mortgage lending.

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Abstract

The distance between lenders and borrowers in the U.S. has increased considerably since the 1970s. This paper analyzes whether the use of loan sales by lenders has caused this increase. Using data on U.S. residential mortgage lending, we find that loan sales on average increase the lending distance with approximately 47%, which corresponds to 206.9 km (128.6 miles). Loan sales are able to increase lending distances because they allow lenders to reduce their loan rates, which allows them to compete for loans in remote markets. We find that loan sales almost completely offset higher loan rates of remote lenders.

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