Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Does financial inclusion reduce non-performing loans and loan loss provisions?

Ozili, Peterson Kitakogelu and Adamu, Ahmed (2021): Does financial inclusion reduce non-performing loans and loan loss provisions? Published in: Journal of Corporate Governance, Insurance, and Risk Management

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Abstract

We examine whether countries that have high levels of financial inclusion have fewer non-performing loans and loan loss provisions in their banking sectors. The fixed effect panel regression methodology was used to analyse the effect of financial inclusion on bank non-performing loans and loan loss provisions. Using data from 48 countries, we find that greater formal account ownership is associated with high non-performing loans. Bank loan loss provisions are fewer in countries that have high levels of financial inclusion only when financial inclusion is achieved through the combined use of formal account ownership, bank branch supply and ATM supply. Also, non-performing loans are fewer in countries that experience economic boom and high levels of financial inclusion.

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