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MCMC Conditional Maximum Likelihood for the two-way fixed-effects logit

Bartolucci, Francesco and Pigini, Claudia and Valentini, Francesco (2021): MCMC Conditional Maximum Likelihood for the two-way fixed-effects logit.

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We propose a Markov chain Monte Carlo Conditional Maximum Likelihood (MCMC-CML) estimator for two-way fixed-effects logit models for dyadic data. The proposed MCMC approach, based on a Metropolis algorithm, allows us to overcome the computational issues of evaluating the probability of the outcome conditional on nodes in and out degrees, which are sufficient statistics for the incidental parameters. Under mild regularity conditions, the MCMC-CML estimator converges to the exact CML one and is asymptotically normal. Moreover, it is more efficient than the existing pairwise CML estimator. We study the finite sample properties of the proposed approach by means of a simulation study and three empirical applications, where we also show that the MCMC-CML estimator can be applied to binary logit models for panel data with both subject and time fixed effects. Results confirm the expected theoretical advantage of the proposed approach, especially with small and sparse networks or with rare events in panel data.

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