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Modeling and Forecasting the Electricity Price in Iran Using Wavelet-Based GARCH Model

Pourghorban, Mojtaba and Mamipour, Siab (2020): Modeling and Forecasting the Electricity Price in Iran Using Wavelet-Based GARCH Model. Published in: Iranian Journal of Economic Studies , Vol. 9, No. 1 (25 April 2021): pp. 233-260.

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The restructuring of Iranian electricity industry allowed electricity price to be determined through market forces in 2005. The main purpose of this paper is to present a method for modeling and forecasting the electricity prices based on complex features such as instability, nonlinear conditions, and high fluctuations in Iran during the spring 2013 and winter 2018. For this purpose, time series data of the daily average electricity price was decomposed into one approximation series (low frequency) and four details series (high frequency) utilizing the wavelet transform technique. The approximation and details series are estimated and predicted by ARIMA and GARCH models, respectively. Then, the electricity price is predicted by reconstructing and composing the forecasted values of different frequencies as a proposed method (Wavelet-ARMA-GARCH). The results demonstrated that the proposed method has higher predictive power and can forecast volatility of electricity prices more accurately by taking into consideration different domains of the time-frequency; although, more errors are produced if the wavelet transform process is not used. The mean absolute percentage error values of the proposed method during spring 2017 to winter 2018 are significantly less than that of the alternative method, and the proposed method can better and more accurately capture the complex features of electricity prices.

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