Stanislav, Kološta and et., al. (2007): Regional disparities among countries and analysis of reasons of their creation. Published in: Studia Universitatis „Vasile Goldis“, Seria Stiinte Economice , Vol. 1, No. 17 (2007): pp. 1-8.
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Regional development and remission of regional disparities belong to the most discussed topics in the European Union. The urgency of solving this question proves the fact, that regional development is one of the key issues of regional policy in the EU. Enormous are especially disparities among the regions of so called old and new EU members as well as among the EU members together. These disparities resulted from activity of several factors. The article is concerned in an analysis and comparison of relevant social economic indicators of chosen countries in the spheres of education, science, research and development, innovations, employment and others, which could influence the living standard of population and sustainable economic growth. The objective of this article is to identify the most serious social economic disparities among the chosen countries and to analyze the main reasons of their creation with help of relevant mathematical and statistical methods.