Gagnon, Jason and Xenogiani, Theodora and Xing, Chunbing (2009): Are all migrants really worse off in urban labour markets: new empirical evidence from China.
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The rapid and massive increase in rural-to-urban worker flows to the coast of China has drawn recent attention to the welfare of migrants working in urban regions, particularly to their working conditions and pay; serious concern is raised regarding pay discrimination against rural migrants. This paper uses data from a random draw of the 2005 Chinese national census survey to shed more light on the discrimination issue, by making comparisons of earnings and the sector of work between rural migrants on one hand, and urban residents and urban migrants on the other. Contrary to popular belief, we find no earnings discrimination against rural migrants compared to urban residents. However, rural migrants are found to be discriminated in terms of the sector in which they work, with a vast majority working in the informal sector lacking adequate social protection.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Are all migrants really worse off in urban labour markets: new empirical evidence from China.|
|Keywords:||Migration, China, Discrimination, Informal Employment|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources ; Human Development ; Income Distribution ; Migration
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J7 - Labor Discrimination > J71 - Discrimination
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital ; Skills ; Occupational Choice ; Labor Productivity
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R2 - Household Analysis > R23 - Regional Migration ; Regional Labor Markets ; Population ; Neighborhood Characteristics
|Depositing User:||Jason Gagnon|
|Date Deposited:||08. Jul 2009 02:38|
|Last Modified:||24. May 2015 17:23|
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