Rowthorn, Robert and Guzmán, Ricardo Andrés and Rodríguez-Sickert, Carlos (2008): The economics of early social stratification.
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We develop an endogenous fertility model of social stratification with two hereditary classes: a warrior elite and a peasantry. Our model shows that the extra cost warriors must incur to raise their children and to equip them for war is the key determinant of (1) the relative sizes of both classes and (2) the warriors' economic privileges in terms of income and consumption. Higher costs of warrior children imply greater economic privileges for warriors and a smaller ratio of warriors to peasants. Historical evidence confirms this prediction. Finally, we identify conditions under which the military function of warriors may legitimise their privileges.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The economics of early social stratification|
|Keywords:||Social stratification; income inequality; warfare; military participation ratio; Malthus; economic history; economic sociology; economic anthropology; population economics|
|Subjects:||Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J10 - General
N - Economic History > N3 - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
N - Economic History > N4 - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation
|Depositing User:||Ricardo Andrés Guzmán|
|Date Deposited:||05. Sep 2009 07:58|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 14:07|
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