Mason, Patrick (2009): Culture matters: America’s African Diaspora and labor market outcomes.
Download (793kB) | Preview
This paper contrasts the explanatory power of the mono-cultural and diversity models of racial disparity. The mono-cultural model ignores nativity and ethnic differences among African Americans. The diversity model assumes that culture affects both intra- and interracial labor market disparity. The diversity model seeks to enhance our ability to understand the relative merits of culture versus market discrimination as determinants of racial inequality in labor market outcomes. Our results are consistent with the diversity model of racial inequality. Specifically, racial disparity consists of the following outcomes: 1) persistent racial wage and employment effects between both native and immigrant African Americans and whites, 2) limited ethnicity effects among African Americans, 3) diverse employment and wage effects among native and immigrant African Americans, 4) intra-racial wage penalties (premiums) for immigrant (native) African Americans, and 5) evidence of relatively higher unobserved productivity-linked attributes among Caribbean-English immigrants. There are regional and intertemporal variations in these inequalities.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Culture matters: America’s African Diaspora and labor market outcomes|
|Keywords:||racial discrimination, racial inequality, immigration, identity, African American, Caribbean, African Diaspora, wage discrimination, employment discrimination, Hispanic, acting white, multi-racial, skin shade|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs > J31 - Wage Level and Structure ; Wage Differentials
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J21 - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers > J61 - Geographic Labor Mobility ; Immigrant Workers
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J15 - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants ; Non-labor Discrimination
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology ; Social and Economic Stratification
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J7 - Labor Discrimination
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J16 - Economics of Gender ; Non-labor Discrimination
|Depositing User:||Patrick L. Mason|
|Date Deposited:||25. Sep 2009 01:57|
|Last Modified:||21. Feb 2013 20:29|
Butcher, Kristin F.. (1994). “Black Immigrants in the United States: A Comparison with Native Blacks and Other Immigrants,” Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 47(2) (January):165-284.
Cotton, Jeremiah. (1993). “Color or Culture?: Wage Differences Among Non-Hispanic Black Males, Hispanic Black Males and Hispanic White Males” The Review of Black Political Economy, 21(4) (Spring): 53-68.
Darity, William, Jr.. (1989). “What's Left of the Economic Theory of Discrimination?” in S. Shulman and W. Darity Jr. The Question of Discrimination, Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 1989, pp. 335-74.
Darity, William, Jr., David Guilkey, and William Winfrey “Explaining Differences in Economic Performance Among Racial and Ethnic Groups in the USA: The Data Examined” American Journal of Economics and Sociology vol. 55:4, October 1996 pp. 411-426.
Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo and Baffour K. Takyi. (2002). “Africans in the diaspora: black-white earnings differences among America’s Africans,” Ethnic and Racial Studies, 25(6) (November):913-941.
Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo. (1997). “Assimilation differences among Africans in America,” Social Forces, 76(2) (December):527-46.
Farley, Reynolds and Walter Allen. (1989). “Race, ancestry, and socioeconomic status: are West Indian blacks more successful?” in The color line and the quality of life in America. New York: Oxford Press, pages 362-407.
Foner, Nancy. (1979). “West Indians in New York City and London: A Comparative Analysis,” International Migration Review, 13(2) (Special Issue: International Migration in Latin America, Summer):284-297
Mason, P. L. (2004). “Annual Income, Hourly Wages, and Identity Formation Among Mexican Americans and other Latinos.” Industrial Relations. 43:4 (October):817-834.
Mason, P., (1997). "Race, Culture, and Skill: Interracial Wage Differences Among African Americans, Latinos, and Whites.” Review of Black Political Economy 25(3) (Winter):5-40.
Model, Suzanne. "Caribbean Immigrants: A Black Success Story?" International Migration Review 25 (Summer 1991): 248-276.
Tyson, Karolyn, William Darity, Jr., and Domini R. Castellino. (2005). “It's Not "A Black Thing": Understanding the Burden of Acting White and Other Dilemmas of High Achievement,” American Sociological Review, 70(4) (August): 582-605.