Abo-Zaid, Salem (2009): Optimal Monetary Policy and Downward Nominal Wage Rigidity in Frictional Labor Markets.
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Empirical evidence suggests that nominal wages in the U.S. are downwardly rigid. This paper studies the optimal long-run inflation rate in a labor search and matching framework under the presence of Downward Nominal Wage Rigidity (DNWR). In this environment, optimal monetary policy targets a positive inflation rate; the annual long-run inflation rate for the U.S. is around 2 percent. Positive inflation “greases the wheels” of the labor market by facilitating real wage adjustments, and hence it eases job creation and prevents excessive increase in unemployment following recessionary shocks. These findings are related to standard Ramsey theory of “wedge smoothing”; by following a positive-inflation policy under sticky prices, the monetary authority manages to reduce the volatility and the size of the intertemporal distortion significantly. The intertemporal wedge is completely smoothed when prices are fully flexible. Since the optimal long-run inflation rate predicted by this study is considerably higher than in otherwise neoclassical labor markets, the nature of the labor market in which DNWR is studied can be relevant for policy recommendations.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Optimal Monetary Policy and Downward Nominal Wage Rigidity in Frictional Labor Markets.|
|Keywords:||Downward Nominal Wage Rigidity, Optimal Monetary Policy; Long Run Inflation Rate; Grease Inflation Rate; Labor Market Frictions; Labor Search and Matching; Intertemporal Wedge Smoothing.|
|Subjects:||E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E3 - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles > E32 - Business Fluctuations ; Cycles
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E5 - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit > E58 - Central Banks and Their Policies
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E3 - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles > E31 - Price Level ; Inflation ; Deflation
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E5 - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit > E52 - Monetary Policy
|Depositing User:||Salem Abo-Zaid|
|Date Deposited:||03. Nov 2010 08:38|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 23:29|
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Optimal Monetary Policy and Downward Nominal Wage Rigidity in Frictional Labor Markets. (deposited 28. Sep 2009 08:46)
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