Zhang, Chuanchuan (2012): 中国对外出口的区域劳动力市场效应.
Download (405kB) | Preview
One striking phenomena of the macro economy in China during the past decade is the rapid exporting growth. Exporting growth provides strong demand for domestic manufacturing production and is one of the most important engines of economic growth. Using population census data and trade data, this paper examines the local labor market effects of exporting in China. Our empirical analysis suggests that exporting growth significantly promoted employment in manufacturing sector and also indirectly promoted employment in service sector. Exploiting our micro-level data, we further estimated the impact of exporting on employment by various groups and found that exporting has a more significant and larger effect on younger, less-educated, rural and women labor force. Moreover, exporting also promoted wage of workers in manufacturing and service sector, besides promoting employment. Finally, exporting lowered local income inequality since labor force in low-income group such as less-educated workers and rural workers are the main beneficiaries of exporting.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|English Title:||Local labor market effects of exporting in China|
|Keywords:||Exporting; Local Labor Market; Employment; Wage; Income Inequality|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F16 - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs > J31 - Wage Level and Structure ; Wage Differentials
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J21 - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
|Depositing User:||CHUANCHUAN ZHANG|
|Date Deposited:||11 May 2012 05:19|
|Last Modified:||07 Feb 2016 14:08|
Autor, H. David, David Dorn and Gordon H. Hanson. 2011. “The China Syndrome: Local Labor Market Effects of Import Competition in the United States.” NBER Working Paper.
Amiti, Mary and Donald R. Davis. 2011. “Trade, Firms and Wages: Theory and Evidence.” Review of Economic Studies, 79, 1-36.
Amiti, Mary and Jozef Konings. 2007. “Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity: Evidence from Indonesia.” American Economic Review, 97(5), pp.1611-1638.
Bartik, J.Timothy. 1991. “Who Benefits from State and Local Economic Development Policies?” (Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Economic Research).
Borjas, J. George, Richard B. Freeman, Lawrence F. Katz, John DiNardo and John M. Abowd. 1997. “How Much Do Immigration and Trade Affect Labor Market Outcomes?” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, No. 1, pp. 1-90.
Ebenstein, Avraham, Ann Harrison, Margaret McMillan and Shannon Phillips. 2011. “Estimating the Impact of Trade and Offshoring on American Workers Using the Current Population Surveys.” NBER Working Paper.
Ebenstein, Avraham, Margaret McMillan, Chuanchuan Zhang and Yaohui Zhao. 2011. “Understanding the Role of China in the “Decline” of US Manufacturing.” Unpublished Manuscript.
Feenstra, C. Robert, and Chang Hong. 2010. “China’s Exports and Employment.” In Robert C. Feenstra and Shang-Jin Wei ed., China’s Growth Role in World Trade. NBER and University of Chicago Press, 167-199.
Feenstra, C. Robert, and Gordon H. Hanson. 2002. “Global Production Sharing and Rising Inequality: A Survey of Trade and Wages.” In Handbook of International Trade, ed. E. Kwan Choi and James Harrigan, 146-185. Blackwell Publishing.
Feenstra, C. Robert, and Gordon H. Hanson. 2005. “Ownership and Control in Outsourcing to China: Estimating the Property Rights Theory of the Firm.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 120(2), 729-762.
Harrison, Ann, John McLaren and Margaret McMillan S. 2010. “Recent Findings on Trade and Inequality.” NBER Working Paper, 16425.
Hummels, David, Rasmus Jorgensen, Jakok Munch, and Chong Xiang. 2010. “The Wage and Employment Effects of Outsourcing: Evidence from Danish Matched Worker-Firm Data.” Mimeo, Purdue University.
McLaren, John and Shushanik Hakobyan. 2010. “Looking for Local Labor Market Effects of NAFTA.” NBER Working Paper, 16535.
Revenga, L. Ana. 1992. “Exporting Jobs?: The Impact of Import Competition on Employment and Wages in U.S. Manufacturing.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol.107, No.1, pp.255-284.
Revenga, L. Ana. 1997. “Employment and Wage Effects of Trade Liberalization: The Case of Mexican Manufacturing.” Journal of Labor Economics, Vol.15, No. S3, pp. S20-S43.
Topalova, Petia. 2007. “Trade Liberalization, Poverty, and Inequality: Evidence from Indian Districts.” In Ann Harrison, ed., Globalization and Poverty. Chicago: NBER and University of Chicago Press, 291-336.
Verhoogen, A. Eric. 2008. “Trade, Quality Upgrading, and Wage Inequality in the Mexican Manufacturing Sector.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 123(2), pp. 489-530.