O'Mahony, Mary and Peng, Fei (2009): Skill bias, age and organizational change.
Download (306kB) | Preview
This paper considers evidence on the impact of ICT on demand for different types of workers, focusing in particular on the age dimension. It first examines data from EUKLEMS using regressions standard in the literature and suggests ICT may have adversely affected older workers, in particular high skilled males aged 50 and over. The paper then uses data from the EU Labour Force Survey, linked to EUKLEMS, to examine whether the observed differences by worker type could be due to variations in on the job training. It shows that training linked to ICT use can explain some of the wage variation and that reluctance by older men to undertake training has a role as well as lower offers of training by firms.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Skill bias, age and organizational change|
|Keywords:||Earnings, Age, Information Technology, Training|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs > J31 - Wage Level and Structure ; Wage Differentials
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J21 - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital ; Skills ; Occupational Choice ; Labor Productivity
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights > O33 - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences ; Diffusion Processes
|Depositing User:||Fei Peng|
|Date Deposited:||13 May 2012 06:03|
|Last Modified:||10 Feb 2016 05:04|
Autor, D., Katz, L and Krueger, A. (1998). “Computing Inequality: Have Computers Changed the Labor Market?” Quarterly Journal of Economics, CXIII, 1169-1214.
Autor, D., Levy, F and Murnane, R, J. (2003). “The skill content of recent technological change: an empirical exploration” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(4), 1179-333.
Becker, G., (1964). Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, With Special Reference To Education, New York: Columbia University Press
Berman, E., Bound J., Griliches, Z., (1994). “Changes in the demand for skilled labour within US manufacturing Industries: Evidence from the Annual Survey of Manufacturers.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 109, 365-367.
Black, Sandra E and Lisa M Lynch (2001). “How to Compete: The Impact of Workplace Practices and Information Technology on Productivity”, The Review of Economics and Statistics, 83(3), 434-445
Bresnahan, T. (1999) “Computerisation and Wage Dispersion: An Analytical Reinterpretation”, Economic Journal 109, F390-F415.
Cabinet Office (2000). “Winning the Generation Game: Improving Opportunities for people aged 50-65 in Work and Community Activity”. A Performance and Innovation Unit Report.
Card, David, and Thomas Lemieux, (2001), “Can Falling Supply Explain the Rising Return to College for Younger Men?”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, May, pp. 705-46
Caroli, E. and Van Reenen, J. (2001) “Skill-biased organisational change? Evidence from a panel British and French establishments.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 116449-1492.
Chennells, L. and Van Reenen, J. (1999). “Has technology hurt less skilled workers? An econometric survey of the effects of technical change on the structure of pay and jobs.” IFS working paper, W99/27.
Chun, H., (2003). “Information technology and the demand for educated workers: Disentangling the impacts of adoption versus use.” The Review of Economics and Statistics 85, 1-8.
Crespi, G. C. Criscuolo and J. Haskel (2007) “Information Technology, Organisational Change and Productivity Growth: Evidence from UK Firms”, CEP Discussion Paper, 783.
Daveri, F and Maliranta, M (2007), “Age, seniority and labour costs: lessons from the Finnish IT revolution”, Economic Policy, January, pp. 117-175.
Deardon, Lorraine, Howard Reed and John Van Reenan (2006), “The Impact of Training on Productivity and Wages: Evidence from British Panel Data”, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 68 (4), 397-421.
Estevez-Abe M., Iversen T. and Soskice D. (2001), “Social Protection and the Formation of Skills: A Reinterpretation of the Welfare State”, in P. A. Hall et D. Soskice (eds.), Varieties of Capitalism. The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage (pp. 145-183). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Groot, W. (1998). “Empirical estimates of the rate of depreciation of education”, Applied Economic Letters, 5: 535-8
Giuri, P. S. Torrisi and N. Zinovyeva (2008). “ICT, skills and organisational change: evidence from Italian manufacturing firms”, Industrial and Corporate Change, 17 (1), 29-64
Lundberg, D. and Marshallsay, Z. (2007). “Older workers’ perspectives on training and retention of older workers”, National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation Program Report, Adelaide: National Centre for Vocational Education Research
Machin, S., Van Reenen, J. (1998). “Technology and changes in skill structure: evidence from seven OECD countries.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 113, 1215-1244.
McKay, S. and S. Middleton (1998), “Characteristics of Older Workers: Secondary Analysis of the Family and Working Lives Survey”, DfEE No. 45, London.
Mincer, J. (1962). “On the job training: Costs, returns and some implications”, Journal of Political Economy, 70(5): part 2
Mincer, J. (1974). Schooling, Experience And Earnings, New York: National Bureau of Economic Research
O’Mahony, M. and B. van Ark (2003). Eds., “EU Productivity and Competitiveness – An Industry Perspective: Can Europe resume the Catching-up Process”, European Commission Publication.
O’Mahony, M., C. Robinson and M. Vecchi (2008). “The Impact of ICT on the Demand for Skilled Labour: A Cross-Country Comparison”, Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 1435-1450, December
Piva, M., E. Santarelli and M. Vivarelli (2005). “The Skill Bias Effect of Technological and Organisational Change: Evidence and Policy Implications”, Research Policy, 34(2), 141-157.
Thompson, A. (1991), “Last in the Queue? Corporate Employment Policies and the Older Worker”, University of Sussex, Institute of Manpower Studies Report, No. 209, Brighton
Vignoles, A., Galindo-Rueda, F., and Feinstein L. (2004), “The labour market impact of adult education and training: A cohort analysis”, Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 51( 2): pp. 266-280
Waldman, D. A. and Avolio, B. J. (1986). “A meta-analysis of age differences in job performance”, Journal of Psychology, 71, 33-38
Wooden, Mark, Van den Heuvel, Adriana, Cully, Mark, Curtain, Richard. (2001). “Barriers to training for older workers and possible policy solutions”, Flinders National Institute of Labour Studies, University of South Australia. Accessed at: http://www.dest.gov.au/archive/iae/documents/olderworkers/olderworekrsv4.pdf January 2009.