Pagel, Michaela
(2012):
*Expectations-Based Reference-Dependent Preferences and Asset Pricing.*

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## Abstract

This paper incorporates expectations-based reference-dependent preferences into the canonical Lucas-tree asset-pricing economy. Expectations-based loss aversion increases the equity premium and decreases the consumption-wealth ratio, because uncertain fluctuations in consumption are perceived to be more painful. Moreover, because unexpected cuts in consumption are particularly painful, the agent wants to postpone such cuts to let his reference point decrease. Thus, even though shocks are i.i.d., loss aversion induces variation in the consumption-wealth ratio, which generates variation in the equity premium, expected returns, and predictability. The level and variation in the equity premium and the predictability in returns match historical moments, but the associated variation in intertemporal substitution motives results in excessive variation in the risk-free rate. This effect can be partially offset with variation in expected consumption growth, heteroskedasticity in consumption growth, or time-variant disaster risk. As a key contribution, I show that the preferences resolve the equity-premium puzzle and simultaneously imply plausible risk attitudes towards small and large wealth bets.

Item Type: | MPRA Paper |
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Original Title: | Expectations-Based Reference-Dependent Preferences and Asset Pricing |

Language: | English |

Keywords: | expectations-based reference-dependent preferences, asset pricing, equity-premium puzzle, predictability |

Subjects: | D - Microeconomics > D0 - General > D03 - Behavioral Microeconomics: Underlying Principles G - Financial Economics > G0 - General > G02 - Behavioral Finance: Underlying Principles G - Financial Economics > G1 - General Financial Markets > G12 - Asset Pricing ; Trading Volume ; Bond Interest Rates |

Item ID: | 47933 |

Depositing User: | Michaela Pagel |

Date Deposited: | 01 Jul 2013 13:19 |

Last Modified: | 27 Sep 2019 05:28 |

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URI: | https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/id/eprint/47933 |