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Adaptive trend estimation in financial time series via multiscale change-point-induced basis recovery

Schröder, Anna Louise and Fryzlewicz, Piotr (2013): Adaptive trend estimation in financial time series via multiscale change-point-induced basis recovery. Published in: Statistics and Its Interface , Vol. 4, No. 6 (2013): pp. 449-461.

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Abstract

Low-frequency financial returns can be modelled as centered around piecewise-constant trend functions which change at certain points in time. We propose a new stochastic time series framework which captures this feature. The main ingredient of our model is a hierarchically-ordered oscillatory basis of simple piecewise-constant functions. It differs from the Fourier-like bases traditionally used in time series analysis in that it is determined by change-points, and hence needs to be estimated from the data before it can be used. The resulting model enables easy simulation and provides interpretable decomposition of nonstationarity into short- and long-term components. The model permits consistent estimation of the multiscale change-point-induced basis via binary segmentation, which results in a variable-span moving-average estimator of the current trend, and allows for short-term forecasting of the average return.

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