Bonpasse, Morrison (2007): The Single Global Currency - Common Cents for the World (2007 Edition). Published in:
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This is the 2007 Edition of the only book in print in the world about the Single Global Currency, and is the only book in the world priced in 143 currencies (down from 147 in the 2006 edition.).This number is significant, as it's the number of currencies required among the 192 U.N. members to conduct local business, including the payment of taxes. The book describes the origins of the current worldwide foreign exchange system, and tells how to change it; and save the world - trillions. The multicurrency foreign exchange trading system was developed about 2,500 years ago to enable people of different currency areas to trade. That system has become far more sophisticated in the meantime and handles $3.2 trillion per day; but it is very expensive and risky. It is now time to replace that system with a single global currency. In a 3-G world with a Single Global Currency managed by a Global Central Bank within a Global Monetary Union: - Annual transaction costs of $400 billion will be eliminated. - Worldwide asset values will increase by about $36 trillion. - Worldwide GDP will increase by about $9 trillion. - Global currency imbalances will be eliminated. - All Balance of Payments problems will be eliminated. - Currency crises will be prevented. - Currency speculation will be eliminated. - The need for foreign exchange reserves, with a current annual opportunity cost of approximately $470 billion, will be eliminated. - Worldwide interest rates will be lower than the current average due to the elimination of currency risk. Such gains are realistic and attainable if the world decides to pursue them. The monetary unions of Europe, the Caribbean, Africa and Brunei/Singapore have shown the way. What the people of the world want is sound, stable money and the end to the obsolete multicurrency foreign exchange system. A Single Global Currency is no longer a utopian dream, but a realistic projection of what has been learned from current monetary unions, especially the euro. Each successive annual edition of this book will be priced in the remaining number of currencies until we reach, in the words of Nobel Prize winner, Robert Mundell, that odd number, preferably less than three: one The world needs to set the goal of a Single Global Currency, to be managed by a Global Central Bank, within a Global Monetary Union, and begin planning - now.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Single Global Currency - Common Cents for the World (2007 Edition)|
|Keywords:||single global currency; money; currency; monetary union; currency union; global monetary union; global central bank; global imbalances; current account; balance of payments; transaction charges; transaction costs; foreign exchange derivatives; foreign exchange; foreign exchange reserves; monetary reserves; gold; international monetary fund; SDR; special drawing rights; optimal currency area; OCA; Robert Mundell; John Stuart Mill; dollar; U.S. Dollar; USD; European Monetary Union; euro; European Central Bank; Single Global Currency Association; Bretton Woods; John Maynard Keynes; bancor; DEY; Geo; globo; eartha; dollarization; euroization; exchange rate; exchange rate regime; peg; float; James Tobin; currency crisis; International Monetary Fund; World Bank; Eastern Caribbean Monetary Union; West African Monetary Union; Central African Monetary Union; accession countries; Maastricht criteria; Maastricht Treaty;|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F0 - General
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F33 - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F32 - Current Account Adjustment ; Short-Term Capital Movements
F - International Economics > F5 - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E5 - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
F - International Economics > F5 - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy > F53 - International Agreements and Observance ; International Organizations
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F31 - Foreign Exchange
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F36 - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
|Depositing User:||Morrison Bonpasse|
|Date Deposited:||17. Dec 2007 14:57|
|Last Modified:||25. May 2015 07:09|
Articles and Books for 2007 Edition ADDENDUM (references for main text are at bottom)
Bank for International Settlements Working Papers No. 218. Gabriele Galati and Philip Wooldridge, "The euro as a reserve currency: a challenge to the pre-eminence of the US dollar?" October 2006, at http://www.bis.org/publ/work218.htm
Bloomberg News 7 May 2006. Lynn, Matthew. "Time to liberate Eastern Europe from the euro," at http://www.thebusinessonline.com/Stories.aspx?StoryId=B49CD036-87ED-4620-86E4-0AD840330A8E&page=0
Bordo, Michael and Harold James, "One World Money, Then and Now," Cambridge, February, 2006, National Bureau of Economic Research, at http://www.nber.org/papers/w12189
Carin, Barry and Gordon Smith, "Making Change Happen at the Global Level," Chapter 1 in John English, editor, et al., Reforming from the Top - a Leaders' 20 Summit, New York, United Nations University Press, October 2005, at http://www.globalcentres.org/html/pdf/G20%20pdf/Making%20Change%20Happen%20at%20the%20Global%20Level.pdf.
Commission of the European Communities. "The EU Economy 2006 Review - Adjustment Dynamics in the Euro Area, Experiences and Challenges," 22 November 2006, at http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/publications/european_economy/2006/ee606_en.pdf
Cooper, Richard. "Proposal for a Common Currency among Rich Democracies," presented at the “Regional and International Currency Arrangements” conference, held in Vienna on 24-25 February 2006, at http://www.oenb.at/en/presse_pub/research/020_workingpapers/wp2006/working_paper_127.jsp#tcm:16-42750 "Living with global imbalances: A contrarian view" in Journal of Policy Modeling, Volume 28, Issue 6, "Twin Deficits: Growth and Stability of the U.S. Economy," September 2006, at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=PublicationURL&_tockey=%23TOC%235858%232006%23999719993%23630455%23FLA%23&_cdi=5858&_pubType=J&view=c&_auth=y&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=432047cac51e9ccbf2e8708e5badbb34 Daveri, Francesco, and C. Jona-Lasinio, "Italy's decline: getting the facts right," Parma University Working Papers EP01, January 2006, at http://swrwebeco.econ.unipr.it/RePEc/pdf/I_2006-01.pdf
De Rato, Rodrigo. "Ensuring Global Economic Stability," Borsen-Zeitung, 12 September 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/np/vc/2006/091206.htm "How Europe Can Help the Global Economy While Helping Itself," speech at the Foro de Cadiz, 21 November 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/2006/112106.htm
Di Stefano, Theodore. "Monetary Unions: Are We On Our Way?" E-Commerce Times," 2 June 2006, at http://www.ecommercetimes.com/story/50828.html
Eichengreen, Barry, and Raul Razo-Garcia. "The International Monetary System in the Last and Next 20 Years," Economic Policy, July 2006, pp. 393-442 at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=916598
European Central Bank "Convergence Report of the European Central Bank," December 2006, at http://www.ecb.int/pub/pdf/conrep/cr200612en.pdf.
Financial Times Flood, Chris. "Bundesbank boosts sentiment for gold market," 6 October 2006, at http://www.ft.com/cms/s/15eeae1a-5493-11db-901f-0000779e2340.html
Groendahl, Boris, and Stella Dawson. "ECB's Liebscher says euro referenda out of question," Times of Malta, from Reuters, 27 November 2006, at http://www.timesofmalta.com/core/article.php?id=244434.
Helleiner, Eric. Towards North American Monetary Union? The Politics and History of Canada's Exchange Rate Regime, Montreal, McGill-Queen's University Press, 2006.
Hovanov, Nikolai, James Kolari, and Mikhail Sokolov. "Synthetic Money," International Review of Economics and Finance, June 2006, at http://www.fma.org/NewOrleans/Papers/7101144.pdf
International Herald Tribune Associated Press, "South American Summit dreams of uniting continent's governments, people," 8 December 2006, at http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2006/12/09/america/LA_GEN_Bolivia_Summit.php Robert Wade, "The Case for a Global Currency," 4 August 2006, at http://www.iht.com/articles/2006/08/03/opinion/edwade.php
International Monetary Fund, Medium Term Strategy. 15 September 2005. "The Managing Director's Report on the Fund's Medium-Term Strategy," at http://www.imf.org/external/np/omd/2005/eng/091505.pdf. 5 April 2006. "Report on Implementing the Fund's Medium-Term Strategy," at http://www.imf.org/external/np/pp/eng/2006/040506.pdf
International Monetary Fund, Press Release. "Statement by Rodrigo de Rato, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund, on the Work Program of the Executive Board," 30 November 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/np/sec/pr/2006/pr06267.htm
International Monetary Fund, Washington, 2005 Policy Discussion Paper 05/07. Rajan, Raghuram and Eswar Prasad. "Controlled Capital Account Liberalization: A Proposal," November 2005, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/pdp/2005/pdp07.pdf
International Monetary Fund, Washington, 2006 Working papers 06/31. Tsangarides, Charalambos G., Pierre Ewenczyk and Michal Hulej. "Stylized Facts on Bilateral Trade and Currency Unions: Implications for Africa," January 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp0631.pdf 06/82. Honda, Jiro, and Liliana Schumacher, "Adopting Full Dollarization in Postconflict Economies: Would the Gains Compensate for the Losses in Liberia?" April 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp0682.pdf 06/90. Tsangarides, Charalambos and Mahvash Saeed Qureshi, "What is Fuzzy About Clustering in West Africa?" March 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp0690.pdf 06/102. Anne Kester. "IMF Data Standards Initiatives - A Consultative Approach to Enhancing Global Data Transparency," April, 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp06102.pdf 06/116. Annett, Anthony. "Enforcement and the Stability and Growth Pact: How Fiscal Policy Did and Did Not Change Under Europe's Fiscal Framework," May, 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp06116.pdf. 06/153. Lim, Ewe-Ghee. "The Euro's Challenge to the Dollar: Different Views from Economists and Evidence from COFER (Currency Composition of Foreign Exchange Reserves) and other Data," June 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp06153.pdf 06/154. Bulir, Ales, and Jaromir Hurnik. "The Maastricht Inflation Criterion: How unpleasant is Purgatory?" June, 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp06154.pdf. 06/170. Francis Warnock. "How Might a Disorderly Resolution of Global Imbalances Affect Global Wealth?" 1 July 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp06170.pdf 06/226. Berengaut, Julian, and Katrin Elborgh-Woytek. "Beauty Queens and Wallflowers - Currency Unions in the Middle East and Central Asia," October 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp06226.pdf 06/229. Jeanne, Olivier, and Romain Ranciere. "The Optimal Level of International Reserves for Emerging Market Countries: Formulas and Applications," Washington, October 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp06229.pdf 06/234. Browne, Christopher and David Orsmond. "Pacific Island Countries -- Possible Common Currency Arrangement," at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp06234.pdf 06/236. Tsangarides, Charalambos and Yasser Abdih. "FEER for the CFA Franc," October 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp06236.pdf 06/257. Saadi-Sedik, Tahsin and Martin Petri. "To Smooth or Not to Smooth - The Impact of Grants and Remittances on the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in Jordan," at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp06257.pdf
Journal of Policy Modeling, Volume 28, Issue 6, "Twin Deficits: Growth and Stability of the U.S. Economy," September 2006, at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=PublicationURL&_tockey=%23TOC%235858%232006%23999719993%23630455%23FLA%23&_cdi=5858&_pubType=J&view=c&_auth=y&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=432047cac51e9ccbf2e8708e5badbb34
Leech, Dennis and Robert Leech "Voting Power Implications of a Unified European Representation at the IMF," Warwick Economics Research Paper Series, No. 720, January, 2005, at http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/research/papers/twerp720.pdf
New York Times Editorial, "Back to the Moon, Permanently," 9 December 2006, at http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/09/opinion/09sat2.html?_r=1&oref=slogin Bradsher, Keith. "Leading Asian Economist Urges Joint Action on Dollar," 8 December 2006, page C6, at http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/08/business/worldbusiness/08dollar.html Chan, Sewall and Matthew Healey, "The World's Coins Converge in the City's Meters," 12 June 2006, page A 16, at http://select.nytimes.com/search/restricted/article?res=F50F1FFF38550C718DDDAF0894DE404482 Dougherty, Carter. "In Eastern Europe, a Switch to the Euro Comes Slowly," 6 December 2006, page C2, at http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/06/business/worldbusiness/06euro.html Dugger, Celia. "Peace Prize to Pioneer of Loans To Poor No Bank Would Touch," 14 October 2006, at http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/14/world/asia/14nobel.html?ex=1318478400&en=8d70ad89b584ca06&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss Ferguson, Niall. "Reasons to Worry," New York Times Magazine, 11 June 2006, at http://select.nytimes.com/search/restricted/article?res=F00D13FC3F550C728DDDAF0894DE404482 Leary, Warren. "NASA Plans Permanent Moon Base," 5 December 2006, at http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/05/science/space/05nasa.html?_r=1&oref=slogin Leonhardt, David. "Gambling Against The Dollar," 1 November 2006, at http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/01/business/01leonhardt.html?ex=1320037200&en=036ab20bb5bb104a&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss Porter, Eduardo. "Flow of Immigrants' Money To Latin America Surges," 19 October 2006, page A24, at http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/19/us/19migrants.html?ex=1318910400&en=d34d106270048e26&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss Tarquinio, J. Alex. "Can the Dollar's Loss Become Your Portfolio's Gain?" 21 May 2006, at http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F70A11FC385A0C728EDDAC0894DE404482&showabstract=1 Wines, Michael. "Zimbabwe, Subtracting Zeros, Adds To Discontent," 8 August 2006, at http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F40C16F6355B0C7B8CDDA10894DE404482&showabstract=1
Papaioannou, Elias, and Richard Portes. "Optimal Currency Shares in International Reserves: The Impact of the Euro and the Prospects for the Dollar," CEPR Discussion Paper, No 5734, at http://www.cepr.org/pubs/new-dps/dplist.asp?dpno=5734.asp
Prestowitz, Clyde. Three Billion New Capitalists - The Great Shift of Wealth and Power to the East, New York, Basic Books, 2005
Reuters 21 April 2006. Vorobyova, Tony. "FOREX-Euro rallies as Sweden ups its FX reserves share," at http://www.globalview.com/research/index.html?nid=5093 30 May 2006. "Bank firm on $645m forex compo claim," The New Zealand Herald, at http://login.nzherald.co.nz/?redir=http://www.nzherald.co.nz/search/story.cfm?storyid=000EF4EC-C37D-147A-969883027AF1010F 9 December 2006. "Oman won't join Gulf monetary union in 2010," Khaleej Times online, at http://www.khaleejtimes.com/DisplayArticleNew.asp?xfile=data/business/2006/December/business_December272.xml§ion=business Rossouw, Janine. "An Analysis of Macro-Economic Convergence in SADC," South African Journal of Economics, September 2006, page 385 at http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1813-6982.2006.00080.x
Rochelle, Frederic. "The EU needs to step up to reform the international financial system," NewEuropeans Magazine, 29 September 2006, at http://www.newropeans-magazine.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=4649&Itemid=110
Rose, Andrew. "A Stable International Monetary System Emerges: Bretton Woods Reversed," Centre for Economic Policy Research, C.E.P.R. Discussion Paper 5854, September 2006, at http://www.cepr.org/pubs/new-dps/dplist.asp?dpno=5854.asp
Rybiński, Krzysztof. Deputy President of National Bank of Poland, speech: "Single euro payments area from the point of view of the National Bank of Poland," Warsaw, 10 October 2006, at http://www.bis.org/review/r061018d.pdf
Sahin, Hasan. "MENA countries as optimal currency areas: Reality or dream?" Journal of Policy Modeling, July 2006, at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V82-4K674S7-5/2/d54fea6e2d0ea269aa1b90bf0a852289
Stiglitz, Joseph 2006. Making Globalization Work, The Next Steps to Global Justice, London, Penguin Books. 2006. "How to Fix the Global Economy," The New York Times, 3 October, Op-Ed, page 27, at http://select.nytimes.com/search/restricted/article?res=F20E1FFA3F540C708CDDA90994DE404482
Terzi, Andrea. "International Financial Instability in a World of Currencies Hierarchy," Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano, October 2006, at http://www.unicatt.it/Istituti/EconomiaFinanza/Quaderni/641005.pdf
Vane, Howard R. and Chris Mulhearn. "Interview with Robert Mundell," Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol 20, No. 4, Fall 2006, pp. 89-110, at http://www.atypon-link.com/doi/abs/10.1257/jep.20.4.89.
Wall Street Journal Di Leo, Luca and Joellen Perry, "Italy Credit Downgrade May Undermine Euro Zone," 20 October 2006, at http://users1.wsj.com/lmda/do/checkLogin?mg=wsj-users1&url=http%3A%2F%2Fonline.wsj.com%2Farticle%2FSB116129176975298154.html%3Fmod%3Dtodays_us_page_one
Williams, Robert G. The Money Changers, a guided tour through the global currency markets, London and New York, Zed Books, 2006. (This is an easy-to-read, conversational style book about the currency markets.)
Williamson, John. "Choosing Monetary Arrangements for the 21st Century: problems of a small economy," Washington, Peterson Institute of International Economics, Policy Brief PBO6-8, November 2006, at http://www.iie.com/publications/pb/pb06-8.pdf
Xu, Xinpeng. "A currency union for Hong Kong and Mainland China?" Journal of International Money and Finance, October 2006, at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V9S-4KKFP1B-1/2/f983cbe7ed0af3e4987865a387c189cd
Yeyati, Eduardo. "The Cost of Reserves," Universidad Torcuato Di Tella Working Paper 10, July 2006, at http://www.utdt.edu/Upload/CIF_wp/wpcif-102006.pdf
Articles and Books for main text of 2007 Edition (same as 2006 Edition)
Akitoby, Bernardin. "Pricing of Sovereign Risk in Emerging Markets." IMF Research, March 2006, at http://www.imf.org/External/Pubs/FT/irb/2006/eng/01/index.pdf
Alagiah, Ratnam. "A Single Global Currency and its Impact on Accounting." Working Paper, Griffith University, 2006.
Alinsky, Saul D. Rules for Radicals: A Pragmatic Primer for Realistic Radicals. New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1971, revised edition 1989.
Al-Mansouri, Abdulrahman K. L., and Claudia Dziobek. "Providing Official Statistics for the Common Market and Monetary Union in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries: A Case for 'Gulfstat'." IMF Working Paper 06/38, February 2006, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp0638.pdf
Arias, Andres, Gary D. Hansen, and Lee E. Ohanian. "Why have Business Cycle Fluctuations Become Less Volatile?" NBER Working Paper No. 12079, March 2006, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA, at http://papers.nber.org/papers/W12079.
Angeloni, I., L.Aucremanne, and M. Ciccarelli. "Price setting and Inflation Persistence: Did EMU matter?" May 2005, at http://www.ecb.int/events/pdf/conferences/emu/sessionV_Angeloni_Paper.pdf
Alesina , Alberto, and Robert J. Barro. "Introduction," Currency Unions. Edited by Alberto Alesina and Robert J. Barro, Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 2001.
Amato, Jeffrey, Andrew Filardo, Gabriele Galati, Goetz von Peter and Feng Zhu. "Research on Exchange Rates and Monetary Policy: an Overview" by the Monetary and Economic Department of the Bank for International Settlements in Basel, Switzerland. June 2005, at http://www.bis.org/publ/work178.htm.
American Economics Association, 2005. "Doctoral Dissertations in Economics, One-Hundred-Second Annual List." Journal of Economic Literature, December 2005, Number 4, pp. 1196-199. 2006. "Preliminary Announcement of the Program." Annual meeting of the American Economic Association, 6-8 January 2006, Boston, Massachusetts, at http://www.vanderbilt.edu/AEA/assa06.htm.
Arbelaez, Harvey. "The Political Economy of the Dollarization Debate in the Americas: Pros and Cons, Myths and Realities, Issues and Implications." from a First Paper Development Workshop in Stockholm, July, 2004, at http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=cache:iVS0990SdxAJ:faculty.fuqua.duke.edu/ciber/programs/pdf/arbe.pdf+%22harvey+arbelaez%22+dollarization.
Arestis, Philip, and Santonou Basu. "Financial Globalization: Some Conceptual Problems." Levy Economics Institute Working Paper 397, December 2003, at http://econwpa.wustl.edu:8089/eps/it/papers/0301/0301002.pdf
Aslam, Abid. "World Leaders Agree Poor Countries Need Debt Relief, But Can't Agree on Plan." One World, 18 April 2005, at Global Policy Forum at http://www.globalpolicy.org/socecon/develop/debt/2005/0418worldleaders.htm
Australia, Reserve Bank of, Bulletin. "Measuring Profits from Currency Issue." July 1997, pp. 1-4.
Backe, Peter, and Christian Thimann and including Olga Arratibel, Oscar Calvo-Gonzalez, Arnaud Mehl, and Caroline Nerlich. "The Acceding Countries' Strategies towards ERM II and the Adoption of the Euro: An Analytical Review." February 2004, at http://www.ecb.int/pub/pdf/scpops/ecbocp10.pdf.
Baker, Raymond. Capitalism's Achilles Heel: Dirty Money and How to Renew the Free-Market System. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2005.
Bank for International Settlements. 2004. "Triennial Central Bank Survey of Foreign Exchange and Derivatives Market Activity in April 2004--Preliminary Global Results." 28 September 2004, at http://www.bis.org/press/p040928.htm. The final results were published in March 2005, at http://www.bis.org/publ/rpfx05.htm. 2005. 75 Annual Report. Chapter 6, "Foreign Exchange Markets," pp. 77-87, at http://www.bis.org/publ/arpdf/ar2005e5.htm. 2006a (Website). "BIS History." At http://www.bis.org/about/history.htm
2006b (Website). "BIS Effective Exchange Rate Indices." 6 March 2006, at http://www.bis.org/statistics/eer/index.htm
Bannister, Geoffrey, Hamid R. Davoodi, Rosa Valdivieso, Ulric Erickson von Allmen, Felix Fischer, Eva Jenkner, and Mona Said, all of the International Monetary Fund. "Choosing an Exchange Rate Regime" in "West Bank and Gaza Economic Performance, Prospects, and Policies Achieving Prosperity and Confronting Demographic Challenges." 2001, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/nft/2001/west/.
Basevi, Giorgio, Lorenzo Pecchi, and Gustavo Piga. "Parallel Monies, Parallel Debt: Lessons from the EMU and Options for the New EU." Tor Vergata University Research Paper Series, Working Paper No. 68, January 2005, at ftp://www.ceistorvergata.it/repec/rpaper/No-68-Basevi-Pecchi-Piga.pdf.
Beidas, Samya, and Magda Kandil. "Setting the Stage for a National Currency in the West Bank and Gaza: The Choice of Exchange Rate Regime." IMF Working Paper 05/70, April 2005, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2005/wp0570.pdf
Bellamy, Edward. Looking Backward. 1915, at http://xroads.virginia.edu/~HYPER/BELLAMY/ch28.html.
Benassy-Quere, Agnes, and Edouard Turkisch. "ECB Governance in an Enlarged Eurozone." CEPII Working Paper No 2005-20, Paris, at http://www.cepii.fr/anglaisgraph/workpap/pdf/2005/wp05-20.pdf
Bernanke, Ben S. 2002. "Deflation: Making Sure 'It' Doesn't Happen Here." Speech before National Economists Club, Washington, DC, November, 2002, at http://www.federalreserve.gov/boarddocs/speeches/2002/20021121/default.htm. 2005. Sandridge Lecture, 10 March 2005, at http://www.federalreserve.gov/boarddocs/speeches/2005/200503102/default.htm
Bergsten, C. Fred. "Rescuing the Doha Round." Foreign Affairs, WTO Special Edition, December 2005, at http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20051201faessay84702/c-fred-bergsten/rescuing-the-doha-round.html
Bird, Graham, and Dane Rowlands. "Bi-Polar Disorder: Exchange Rate Regimes, Economic Crises, and the IMF" 26 April 2005, at http://www.econ.surrey.ac.uk/discussion_papers/2005/DP07-05.pdf
Bonner, Bill, and Addison Wiggin. Empire of Debt. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2006.
Bravo-Ortega, Claudio, and Julian Di Giovanni. "Remoteness and Real Exchange Rate Volatility." IMF Working Paper No. WP/05/1, January 2005, at http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2005/wp0501.pdf
Brown, Gregory W., and Donald H. Chew, Editors. Corporate Risk - Strategies and Management. London, UK: Risk Books, 1999, at http://db.riskwaters.com/public/showPage.html?page=book_page&tempPageName=154028
Bryan, Dick, "Currency Unification: Dollarize or Die?" in Workers Online, 27 April 2001, at http://workers.labor.net.au/93/c_historicalfeature_dollar.html.
Bryant, Ralph C. Turbulent Waters-Cross-Border Finance and International Governance. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2003.
Buffett, Warren. "Why I'm Not Buying the U.S. Dollar." Fortune magazine, 26 October 2003, at http://www.pbs.org/wsw/news/fortunearticle_20031026_03.html
Buiter, Willem. 1999a. "The EMU and the NAMU: What is the Case for North American Monetary Union?" Canadian Public Policy, September 1999, pp. 285-96, at http://qed.econ.queensu.ca/pub/cpp/sept1999/Buiter.pdf 1999b. "Optimal Currency Areas: Why Does the Exchange Rate Matter?" Remarks at the Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh, 26 October 1999, at http://www.nber.org/~wbuiter/scotland.pdf
Buiter, Willem, Richard Layard, Christopher Huhne, Will Hutton, Peter Kenen and Adair Turner, with a foreword by Paul Volcker. "Why Britain Should Join the Euro." 1 August 2002, at http://cep.lse.ac.uk/layard/RL334D.pdf
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