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Return on Universal Education: SSA Case Study on Bihar

Dinda, Soumyananda (2015): Return on Universal Education: SSA Case Study on Bihar.

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Abstract

Mass universal education is a necessary condition for initiation of economic development in underdeveloped and backward state like Bihar in India. The Govt. of India has taken initiative for universal mass education and prime focus is on Sarbha Shikhsha Abhijan (SSA). This study attempts to assess the impact of universal education programme such as SSA in Bihar. The difference –in- difference (DD) approach is used here to measure the impact of SSA treatment on unorganised sector in Bihar. This study finds that literate people earn Rs. 43 higher than that of illiterate, and SSA is giving additional return nearly more than Rs. 600 Crore per annum only from small and tiny enterprise in urban Bihar.

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