Munich Personal RePEc Archive

¿La localización de la escuela importa?. Condicionantes espacio-contextuales de la tasa de repitencia en un panel de datos georreferenciados.

Herrera Gómez, Marcos (2016): ¿La localización de la escuela importa?. Condicionantes espacio-contextuales de la tasa de repitencia en un panel de datos georreferenciados.

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Abstract

Many studies have examined the determinants of the grade repetition at different levels (student, school, country) without considering the geographical-social environment of school localization. This work uses a panel data of 220 primary schools with georeferenced information, between years 2008 and 2011, exploring the determinants of repetition rate at school, context and geographical neighborhood levels. Results show that the matriculation is a significant variable at school level. Contextual factors such as unemployment rate and percentage of female youth of primary school age are related to the grade repetition rate in primary school. In addition, the unemployment and the women’s proportion of the contiguous areas show significant effects. These results reflect the importance to consider the school’s localization and their social context if we want to establish suitable educational policies that contemplate the rate of repetition.

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