Munich Personal RePEc Archive

One Global Map but Different Worlds: Worldwide Survey of Human Access to Basic Utilities

Mihai, Florin-Constantin (2017): One Global Map but Different Worlds: Worldwide Survey of Human Access to Basic Utilities. Published in: Human Ecology , Vol. 45, No. 43 (June 2017): pp. 425-429.

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Abstract

The paper aims to reveal one integrated global map which points out the major geographical inequalities in providing basic utilities across the countries using multivariate analysis and thematic cartography. Sixteen indicators with global coverage were selected taking into account the waste collection services, sanitation facilities, drinking water sources, energy, electricity, habitat and demographic conditions. Several data are broken down for the total, urban and rural population in order to outline the rural-urban disparities between and within countries. A special focus is given to waste collection coverage, in order to compute a comprehensive global assessment of this key indicator of public health, which is one of the poorest monitored basic utility. The world countries were divided into 10 classes according to the hierarchical cluster analysis. Each class has particular features outlining the gaps between high, middle and low-income countries with direct impact on quality of life, public health, and environment.

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