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Mathematics Trajectories and Risk Factors During Childhood

LEBIHAN, Laetitia and MAO TAKONGMO, Charles Olivier (2018): Mathematics Trajectories and Risk Factors During Childhood.

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Abstract

In this paper, we use the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth to identify the trajectory of mathematical abilities among Canadian children 7 to 15 years old. We also analyse families and personal characteristics during early childhood that may influence the likelihood of being in one of these abilities groups. We identify three trajectory groups: average abilities (47.6 %), high abilities (30.1 %), and low abilities (22.3 %). Our results also show that maternal education is one of the most important predictors for a low mathematics abilities trajectory. Cognitive score at ages 4 to 5 is also a good indicator of future academic success. Finally, children at risk are those whose parents have low parenting skills.

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