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Is the relation between lending interest rate and non-performing loans symmetric or asymmetric ? evidence from ARDL and NARDL

Bahruddin, Wan Athirah and Masih, Mansur (2018): Is the relation between lending interest rate and non-performing loans symmetric or asymmetric ? evidence from ARDL and NARDL.

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Abstract

Lending interest rate has an inherent implicit cost on the credit issued by banks with implication on loan defaults. In this regard, high level of non-performing loans ( NPLs) will depress economic growth owing to many banks refusing to lend. This paper makes the initial attempt to test the non-linear asymmetric relationships between lending interest rate and NPLs by using the NARDL approach and provides a direction of Granger causality between the lending interest rate and NPLs. Malaysia is used as a case study. The finding tends to indicate that lending interest rate and NPLs has an asymmetric relationship in the short-run and symmetric relationship in the long-run. This paper suggests that banks can improve their quality credit management by streamlining their collection process and the quality of customers in order to reduce the number of NPLs in the short-run. Besides, banks can keep their total risk low by diversifying their loan portfolios.

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