Photis, Yorgos N. and Koutsopoulos, Kostis (1996): Defining Demographic Change in Locational Planning Problems. Published in: Proceedings of the 36th European Regional Science Association Congress , Vol. 19, No. 19 (1996): pp. 352-373.
Download (251kB) | Preview
Since population, which actually represents demand in any organised or rearranged service system, is the final target and recipient of every planning strategy or policy action, the success of locational analysis and the locational planning process, is largely determined upon the decision makers' ability to estimate the study area's future population size and distribution. Such estimations can be demographically achieved through the analysis and extrapolation into the future of carefully measured birth, death and migration rates according to observed trends and tendencies of the relevant socio-economic factors that affect them. As opposed to traditional generalisations and recent practices, which deal with population as a whole, the approach presented in this paper focuses on each individual's attitude towards the issue of intended births, which when aggregated formulate a fertility rate. More specifically, certain socio-economic characteristics, based on questionnaire data, are analysed using discrete choice models in order to estimate the prospective family-size desires. In this respect, a birth-rate choice model is derived through the assessment of the expected number of children to be born in a household during a specific time period and with regard to its socio-economic identity. Moreover, modifications of the above characteristics generate alternative family-size scenarios and thus differing population forecasts, which in turn can lead to unforeseen solution strategies and thus a more sophisticated and pragmatic decision-making process when dealing with facility-location problems both in the public and the private sector.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Defining Demographic Change in Locational Planning Problems|
|English Title:||Defining Demographic Change in Locational Planning Problems|
|Keywords:||Locational Planning; Discrete Choice models; Population Projections; Greece|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R5 - Regional Government Analysis > R53 - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C5 - Econometric Modeling > C53 - Forecasting and Prediction Methods; Simulation Methods
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C3 - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables > C35 - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
|Depositing User:||Yorgos N. Photis|
|Date Deposited:||17. Feb 2010 14:22|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 18:27|
Batey P W J, Madden M, 1982. "Demographic-Economic Forecasting within the activity-Commodity Framework: Some theoretical Considerations and Empirical Results", Environment and Planning A, 13, 1067-1083.
Ben-Akiva M, Lerman S R, 1985. Discrete Choice Analysis: Applications to Travel Demand, The MIT Press, Cambridge, CA.
Boots B N, Kanaroglou P S, 1988. "Incorporating the effects of spatial structure in discrete choice models of migration", Journal of Regional Science, 28, 495-509.
Cambell A A, 1983. Manual of Fertility Analysis, London: Livingstone, Longman.
De Palma A, Papageorgiou Y Y, 1991. "A model of rational choice behaviour under imper¬fect ability to choose". Forthcoming.
Ghosh A, Rushton G, 1987. Spatial Analysis and Location - Allocation Models. (New York: Van Norstrand Reinhold Company).
Harris, B. and M. Batty. 1992. Locational Models, Geographic Information and Planning support systems. Technical Paper 12-1, NCGIA.
Kanaroglou P S, 1994. "Sampling and Discrete Choice Analysis", The Professional Geographer, 46(3), 359-368.
Κoutsopoulos K, 1990. Geography: Methodologies and Spatial Analysis Methods (in Greek), Symmetria, Athens.
Koutsopoulos K, Makris G, Tziafetas G, 1985. "Simultaneous Location-Allocation of Facilities and Servers", Methods of Operation Research, 55: 33-25.
Masser I, 1972. Analytical Models for Urban and Regional Planning, David & Charles: Newton Abbot.
McFadden D, 1974. "Conditional Logit Analysis of Qualitative Choice Behaviour" in Zarembkar (ed.), Frontiers in Economics, New York: Academic Press.
McFadden D, 1979. "Quantitative methods for analyzing travel behaviour of individuals: Some recent developments". In Behavioral Travel Modeling, Hensher D A, Stopher P R, 279-318. London: Groom Helm.
Newell, C. 1988. Methods and Models in Demography (New York: The Guilford Press)
Photis Y, Koutsopoulos K, 1994. "Supporting Locational Decision Making: Regionali-zation of Service Delivery Systems", Studies in Regional and Urban Planning, 1:19-35.
Rogers A, 1975. Introduction to Multiregional Mathematical Demography, New York, Wiley.
Rushton G, 1979. Optimal location of facilities. (Wenworth: COMPress, N.H.)
Schilling D A, 1980. "Dynamic location modeling for public sector facilities: A multi-criteria approach", Decision Science 714-723.
Schilling D A, 1982. "Strategic Facility Planning: The Analysis of Options", Decision Sciences, 13(1), 1-14. Woods R, 1979. Population Analysis in Geography, London: Longman.
Wrigley N, 1985. Categorical Data Analysis for Geographers and Environmental Scientists. New York: Longman Inc.