Mariam, Yohannes and Galaty, John (1993): Agricultural Information and Indigenous Knowledge in Peasant Economy.
Download (139kB) | Preview
Agricultural information and indigenous knowledge were examined among peasants of the central Ethiopian highlands. Measures of central tendency, logical explanation, descriptive analysis, problem solving tests, scoring and logit analysis were performed.
The findings indicate that information from extension agents tends to favour peasant associations or farmers that are closer to cities, service cooperatives, politicians and extension agents. Despite variations in the sources and access to information, the extent to which information is subjected to conscious processing determines its value to decision-makers. Furthermore, the value of information is greatly influenced by indigenous knowledge or social experience and schooling.
Farmers who are beneficiaries of projects and friends with politicians received higher scores on production problems compared to the control group. Production knowledge is found to be locale-specific and varies by age. Production knowledge is greatly influenced by experience, index of awareness, proximity to infrastructural facilities and sources of information. The findings also indicate that education enables households to relate production problems to experience and outside information. Development strategies could facilitate the attainment of food self-sufficiency if the contents and delivery mechanisms of agricultural information are equitable, and indigenous production knowledge of peasants is integrated with secular and extension education.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Agricultural Information and Indigenous Knowledge in Peasant Economy|
|Keywords:||Agricultural information; indigenous knowledge; peasants; Ethiopia; central tendency; logical explanation; descriptive analysis; problem solving tests; scoring and logit analysis|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q13 - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O13 - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q15 - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q16 - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D82 - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D13 - Household Production and Intrahousehold Allocation
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O17 - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D81 - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D83 - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q12 - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
|Depositing User:||Yohannes Mariam|
|Date Deposited:||11. Oct 2006|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 16:09|
Belay, H.S. 1977. Problems, Practices and Strategies for Rural Development in Ethiopia. Debrezeit Agricultural Experiment Station. Addis Ababa University.
Bell, C. 1972. The acquisition of agricultural technology: its determinants and effects. J. Dev. Studies. 9:123-59.
Berry, S. 1988. Property Rights & Rural Resource management:The Case of Tree Crops in West Africa. In J.W. Bennet and J.R. Bown (eds). Production & Autonomy: Anthropological Studies & Critique of Development. Monograph in Economic Anthropology, No.5, University Press of America, NY. pp.143-182.
Bransford, J.D. and N.S. McCarrel, 1983. A Sketch of a Cognitive Approach to Comprehension: Some thoughts about understanding what it means to comprehend. pp. 377-399. In P.N. Johnson-Laird and P.C. Wason (ed). 1983. Thinking: Readings in Cognitive Science. Cambridge University Press, New York.
Cole, M. 1983. An Ethnographic Psychology of Cognition. In P.N. Johnson-Laird & P.C. Wason (eds). Thinking: Readings in Cognitive Science. Cambridge Univ. Press, NY. p.468-482.
Eisemon, T.O. 1988. Becoming a Modern Farmer: The Impact of Primary Schooling on Agricultural Thinking and Practice in Kenya and Burundi. In D.M. Warren, L.Jan Slikkerveer, and S.O. Titilola. (eds) 1988. Indigenous Knowledge Systems: Implications for Agricultural and International Development. Studies in Technology and Social Change, No.11, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. pp.41-67.
Finnida/Ministry of Agriculture. 1989. Base Line Survey: Selale Dairy Development Pilot Project.Unpublished Report.
Gafsi, S. 1976. Green Revolution: The Tunisian Experience. Mexico City, CIMMYT.
Geertz, C. 1983. Local Knowledge: Further Essays in Interpretative Anthropology. New York: Basic Books.
Getahun, A. 1978. Agricultural Systems in Ethiopia. Agricultural Systems. 3:281-293.
Gilbert, E.H. D.W.,Norman., and F.Winch, 1980. Farming System Research: A Critical Appraisal. MSU Rural Development Paper, No.6, Mich. State Univ., East Lansing, MI.
Gryseels, G. and F.M. Anderson. 1983. Research on Farm and Livestock Productivity in Central Ethiopian Highlands: Initial Results, 1977-1983. Report No.4.
Guyer, J.I. 1986. Intra-Household Processes and Farming Systems Research: Perspective from Anthropology. In J.L. Moock (ed). 1986. Understanding Africa's Rural Households and Farming Systems. West View, Boulder. pp. 105-123.
Hendry, P. 1987. Research on Farming System Offers New Perspectives. Ceres (FAO), Vol.120, Vol.48. pp.13-15.
Huffnagle, H.P. 1961. Agriculture in Ethiopia. FAO, Rome. 484 pp.
Lipto, M. 1977. Why Poor People Stay Poor? Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Longo, R.M.Juliano. 1990. Information Transfer and the Adoption of Agricultural innovations. J. of the American Society for Information Science. 41(1):1-9.
Ministry of Agriculture. 1975. Annual Reports of Project Planing division, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Norem, R.H., R.Yoder, and Y.Martin. 1988. Indigenous Agricultural Knowledge and Gender Issues in Third World Agricultural Development. Prepared for the Joint Meetings of the Society of Social Studies of Science and the European Association of Science and Technology.
Perrin, R.K., D.L. Winkelman, E.R.Moscardi and J.R. Anderson, 1976. From agronomic data for farmer recommendation: An Economics training manual. Information bulletin no.27. Mexico: Cimmyt.
Richards, P. 1985. Indigenous Agricultural Revolution. Hutchinson, London.
Shaner, W.W., P.F.Philipp., and W.R. Schmehl 1982. Farming Systems Research and Development: Guidelines for Developing Countries. Colorado: West View Press.
Thrupp, L.A. 1988. Legitimizing Local Knowledge: Scientized Packages or Empowerment of Third World People. In D.M. Warren, L.Jan Slikkerveer, and S.O. Titilola. (eds) 1988. Indigenous Knowledge Systems: Implications for Agricultural and International Development. Studies in Technology and Social Change, No.11, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. pp.138-153.
Tittarelli, F. 1990. Smallholder Dairy Marketing Pattern in Central Ethiopian Highland, Selale Awaraja: A Case Study. Centro per lo Sviluppo Agricolo e Rurale, Assisi, Italy.
Warren, D.M., L.Jan Slikkerveer, and S.O. Titilola. 1988. Indigenous Knowledge Systems: Implications for Agricultural and International Development. Studies in Technology and Social Change, No.11, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.