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Determinantes sociales y económicos del empleo informal en la República Dominicana en el año 2016

Rodríguez Núñez, Juan Bautista and Guerra Salazar, Isaac Enmanuel and Ogando Montero, Freddy Manuel (2017): Determinantes sociales y económicos del empleo informal en la República Dominicana en el año 2016.

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The research conducted analyzes the determinants of informal employment in the Dominican Republic, using data from the 2016 National Labor Force Survey (ENFT). By applying logistic regression "logit" models, it estimates the likelihood of being informally employed and examines changes in the sector since 2010. This study highlights the heterogeneity in the informal sector and how several factors influence the probability of belonging to it. Among the most significant findings, educational level emerges as a crucial determinant, where a higher level of education is associated with a lower probability of being in informal employment. Additionally, the type of economic activity, planning region, and individual income level emerge as influential factors. Specifically, it is observed that lower incomes correlate with a higher incidence of informal employment, with this tendency decreasing as income level increases. The analysis also reveals significant geographical differences. People living in urban areas are less likely to be in informal employment compared to rural areas, with the regions of Enriquillo and Del Valle being particularly prone to informal employment. On the other hand, demographic aspects such as marital status and migration in search of work influence labor informality. Those with a partner tend to have a lower probability of being in the informal sector. Finally, a higher probability of informal employment among women, especially in adults and the elderly, is identified.

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