Alcala, Francisco and Hernandez, Pedro J. (2009): Firms' Main Market, Human Capital and Wages. Published in: Fundación BBVA - Documentos de Trabajo No. 06 (2009)
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Recent international trade literature emphasizes two features in characterizing the current patterns of trade: efficiency heterogeneity at the firm level and quality differentiation. This paper explores human capital and wage differences across firms in that context. We build a partial equilibrium model predicting that firms selling in more-remote markets employ higher human capital and pay higher wages to employees within each education group. The channel linking these variables is firms’ endogenous choice of quality. Predictions are tested using Spanish employer-employee matched data that classify firms according to four main destination markets: local, national, European Union, and rest of the World. Employees’ average education is increasing in the remoteness of firm’s main output market. Market–destination wage premia are large, increasing in the remoteness of the market, and increasing in individual education. These results suggest that increasing globalization may play a significant role in raising wage inequality within and across education groups.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Firms' Main Market, Human Capital and Wages|
|Keywords:||vertical differentiation, exporters, Alchian-Allen effect, wage inequality, unobservable skills|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F16 - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs > J31 - Wage Level and Structure ; Wage Differentials
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital ; Skills ; Occupational Choice ; Labor Productivity
|Depositing User:||Francisco Pérez|
|Date Deposited:||19. Dec 2009 13:46|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 00:43|
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