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Determinants of entrepreneurial propensity of Nigerian undergraduates: an empirical assessment

Siyanbola, Willie O. and Afolabi, Oladele O. and Jesuleye, Olalekan A. and Egbetokun, Abiodun A. and Dada, Abolaji D. and Aderemi, Helen O. and Sanni, Maruf and Razak, Muhammed (2009): Determinants of entrepreneurial propensity of Nigerian undergraduates: an empirical assessment. Published in: International Journal of Business Environment , Vol. 5, No. 1 (2012): pp. 1-29.

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The specific factors that influence the entrepreneurial inclination of students were studied with a view to designing appropriate policies on entrepreneurship within tertiary institutions. The sample for the study consisted of 7,560 students from a total of 25 tertiary institutions with 83% response rate. While we found that entrepreneurial interest among Nigerian students is quite high, the expression of this interest in practice is rather low. The main factors found to significantly explain entrepreneurial interest are parents‟ educational qualifications, family entrepreneurial history, family socio-demographics, students‟ entrepreneurial experience, and students‟ socio-demographics. Of the fourteen variables identified as being central in encouraging students‟ entrepreneurial interests, only five can be defined as necessary, though but not sufficient, conditions to stimulate interest: gender, number of children by father, position among mother's children, father's monthly income and entrepreneurial education. This has policy implications both for government and the institutions. The study is the first of its magnitude in Nigeria and provides baseline information for researchers and policy makers who need to better understand the dynamics of entrepreneurship among Nigerian youth.

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