Onur, Sungur and Hidayet, Keskin (2009): Coğrafi Yakınlık 'Hala' Önemli mi ? Mekansal İnovasyon Modellerinden Çok-Yerelli Bilgi Dinamiklerine Dönüşüm. Published in: Akdeniz Üniversitesi Alanya İşletme Fakültesi Dergisi , Vol. 1, No. 2 (2009): pp. 107-131.
Download (584kB) | Preview
Especially during the last 15-20 years, economists, economic geographers and planners dealing with regional development have devoted the large portion of their time to seeking a "new" model. The concepts which are developed in regional development focus on geographic proximity as a pioneering factor of innovation. However, “new” theories highlight the increased mobility of knowledge and the transfer of knowledge between long-distance places. Therefore, in addition to intra-regional networks, long distance and inter-regional Networks have also played a critical role. In this study, the increasing importance of innovation-knowledge economy and the growing literature on network theory will be discussed. Firstly, the concepts of industrial zones, innovative environment, clusters, regional innovation systems and learning regions which can be defined as "Territorial Innovation Models" will be examined. Then, whether the “geographical” proximity is still important will be discussed in parallel with the transformations of innovation, knowledge and regional development and long distance interactions will be mentioned in terms of the new theories.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Coğrafi Yakınlık 'Hala' Önemli mi ? Mekansal İnovasyon Modellerinden Çok-Yerelli Bilgi Dinamiklerine Dönüşüm|
|English Title:||Does Geographical Proximity Still Matter? Transformation from Local Innovation Models to Multi-Locational Knowledge Dynamics|
|Keywords:||Regional Development, Innovation, Geographical Proximity, Network, Knowledge Dynamics|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R5 - Regional Government Analysis > R58 - Regional Development Planning and Policy
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights > O31 - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
|Depositing User:||Onur Sungur|
|Date Deposited:||25. Aug 2012 16:31|
|Last Modified:||22. Apr 2015 14:30|
ACS, Z.J., AUDRETSCH, D.B. ve FELDMAN, M.P. (1994), R&D Spillovers and Innovative Activity, Managerial and Decision Economics 15, 131–138.
ALTINOK, S., MERCAN, B. ve BALTACI, N. (2004), “Öğrenen Bölgeler: Bölgesel Kalkınmada Ortak Bilgi Kullanımı”, 3. Ulusal Bilgi, Ekonomi ve Yönetim Kongresi, Osmangazi Üniversitesi, İ.İ.B.F., 25-26 Kasım, Eskişehir, s. 307-313.
ASHEIM, B. ve COENEN, L. (2005), Knowledge Bases and Regional Innovation Systems: Comparing Nordic Clusters, Research Policy, 34, s. 1173-1190.
ASHEIM, B., COOKE, P. ve MARTIN, R. (2006a), “Preface”, Editörler: Bjorn ASHEIM, Philip COOKE ve Ron Martın, Clusters and Regional Development, Routledge Taylor&Francis Group, USA.
ASHEIM, B., COOKE, P. ve MARTIN, R. (2006b), “The Rise of the Cluster Concept in Regional Analysis and Policy: A Critical Assessment” Editörler: Bjorn ASHEIM, Philip COOKE ve Ron Martın, Clusters and Regional Development, Routledge Taylor&Francis Group, USA.
ASHEIM, B.T. (1996), “Industrial Districts as ‘Learning Regions’ A Condition for Prosperity”, European Planning Studies, Vol. 4, Issue 4.
ASHEIM, B.T. (1998), “Learning Regions as Development Coalitions: Partnership as Governance in European Workfare States?”, Second European Urban and Regional Studies Conference on “Culture, Place and Space in Contemporary Europe”, University of Durham, UK, 17-20 Eylül.
ASHEIM, B.T. ve COOKE, P. (1998), Localized innovation networks in a global economy: A comparative analysis of endogenous and exogenous regional development approaches. Comparative Social Research, 17, 199–240.
ASHEIM, B.T. ve COOKE, P. (1999), “Local Learning and Interactive Innovation Networks in a Global Economy”, Making Connections – Technological Learning and Regional Economic Change içinde, E.J. MALECKI ve P. OINAS (der.), Ashgate, Aldershot, 1999, s. 155.
AUDRETSCH, D. (1998), “Agglomeration and the Location of Innovative Activity”, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Vol: 14 No: 2, 1998, s. 18.
AUDRETSCH, D.B. ve FELDMAN, M.P. (1996),”R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production”, The American Economic Review, Vol: 86, No: 3, s. 630-640.
AUDRETSCH, D.B. ve FELDMAN, M.P. (2004), Knowledge Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation, in Henderson, J.V. and Thisse, J.-F. (Eds.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, vol. 4. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 2713–2739.
BULU, M. ve ERASLAN, İ.H. (2004), “Kümelenme Yaklaşımı”, Editor: İsmail BAKAN, Çağdaş Yönetim Yaklaşımları İlkeler, Kavramlar ve Yaklaşımlar, Beta Basım Yayım Dağıtım A.Ş., 1. Baskı, Mayıs 2004, İstanbul.
BULU, M., ERASLAN, İ.H. ve ŞAHİN, Ö. (2004), “Elmas (Diamond) Modeli İle Ankara Bilişim Kümelenmesi Rekabet Analizi”, 3. Ulusal Bilgi Ekonomi ve Yönetim Kongresi, Osman Gazi Üniversitesi, 25-26 Kasım 2004, Eskişehir,s.143-153.
CHEN, K. ve KENNEY, M. (2005), Universities/Research Institutes and Regional Innovation Systems: The Cases of Beijing and Shenzhen, Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE) Working Paper No: 168, September.
CHUNG, S. (2005), “Partnership in Korean Regional Innovation Systems”, Paper presented at the STEPI International Symposium Science & Technology Policy in Innovation-Driven Economy.
COHEN, W.M., NELSON, R.R. ve WALSH, J.P. (2002), Links and impacts: the inﬂuence of public research on industrial R&D.Management Science 48, 1–23.
COOKE, P., ROPER, S. ve WYLIE, P. (2001), Developing a Regional Innovation Strategy for Northern Ireland, A Statement by the Economic Council on Research, Northern Ireland Economic Council Occasional Paper No: 14, September.
Council on Competitiveness (2005), Measuring Regional Innovation, A Guidebook for Conducting Regional Innovation Assessments, October.
CREVOISIER, O. ve JEANNERAT, H. (2008), The Territorial Knowledge Dynamics: From the Proximity Paradigm to Multi-Location Milieus, EURODITE: Regional Trajectories to the Knowledge Economy: A Dynamic Model.
ÇAĞLAR, E. (2006), Türkiye’de Yerelleşme ve Rekabet Gücü: Kümelenmeye Dayalı Politikalar ve Organize Sanayi Bölgeleri”, Bölgesel Kalkınmada Yeni Açılımlar, TEPAV, 13 Eylül, s. 305-315.
ÇETİN, M. (2006), “Endüstriyel Bölgelerde Sosyal Sermaye ve Güven: Üçüncü İtalya Örneği”, Ege Akademik Bakış Dergisi, 6 (1), s. 74-86.
DOZ, Y., SANTOS, J. ve WILLIAMSON, P. (2001), From Global to Metanational: How Companies Win in the Knowledge Economy, Harvard Business School Press.
ENRIGHT, M. (1996), “Regional Clusters and Economic Development: A Research Agenda”, in Business Networks: Prospects for Regional Development (Eds. V. STABER, N. SCHAEFER, B. SHARMA), Berlin: de Gruyter, 190-214.
EVANS, P. (1996), Embedded autonomy and industrial transformation, Political Power and Social Theory, 10, 259–282.
FELDMAN, M.P. (1993), An examination of the geography of innovation, Industrial and Corporate Change, 2, 451–470.
FELDMAN, M.P. ve FRANCIS, J. (2001), The entrepreneurial spark: Individual agents and the formation of innovative clusters. Paper prepared for the Conference on Complexity and Industrial Clusters-Dynamics, Models, National Cases, organized by the Fondazione Montedison under the aegis of the Accademia Nationale dei Lincei, held in Milan, Italy, June 19–20.
FONTES, M. (2005), “Distant Networking: The Knowledge Acquisition Strategies of 'Out-Cluster' Biotechnology Firms”, European Planning Studies, 13(6), s. 899-920.
GRABHER, G. (1993), “The Weakness of Strong Ties: The Lock-in of Regional Development in the Ruhr Area”, in The Embedded Firm: On the Socio-economics of Industrial Networks (Ed. G. GRABHER), London: Routledge, 255-277.
HOWELLS, J. (1996), Regional Systems of Innovation? Paper presented at HCM conference on ‘‘National Systems of Innovation or the Globalisation of Technology? Lessons for the public and business sector.’’ ISRDS-CNR, Rome, April.
JAFFE, A.B., TRAJTENBERG, M. ve HENDERSON, R. (1993) Geographic Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations, Quarterly Journal of Economics 108, 577–598.
JAIN, A. (2005), The Regional Innovation Sysmtes in the City of Casey: Prospective Evaluation, Deakin University School of Accounting, Economics and Finance Working Paper No: 2005-22.
KRUGMAN, P. (1991), Geography and Trade, 8th printing, 2000. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
LAWSON, C. (1997), Territorial Clustering and High-Technoogy Innovation: From Industrial Districts to Innovative Milieux, ESRC Centre for Business Research Working Paper No: 54, March.
MAILLAT, D. (1995), “Territorial Dynamic, Innovative Milieus and Regional Policy”, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 7, 157-165.
MALMBERG, A. (1997), “Industrial Geography: Location and Learning”, Progress in Human Geography, Vol :21 No: 4, 1997, 553-558.
MASKELL, P. ve MALMBERG, A. (1999), “Localized Learning and Industrial Competitiveness”, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol: 23, 167-185.
MORGAN, K. (1997), “The Learning Region: Institutions, Innovation and Regional Renewal”, Regional Studies, 31 (5), s. 491-503.
MOULAERT, F. ve SEKIA, F. (2003), “Territorial Innovation Models: A Critical Survey”, Regional Studies, 37(3), s. 289-302.
OĞUZTÜRK, B.S. (2003), Bölgesel Kalkınmada Yenilikçiliğin Rolü ve Göller Bölgesi Üzerine Bir Uygulama, Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi, İstanbul Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü İstanbul.
ORLANDO, M.J. (2004), “Measuring Spillovers from Industrial R&D: On the Importance of Geographic and Technological Proximity”, RAND Journal of Economics, 35(4), s. 777-786.
ÖZASLAN, M. (2004), “Küresel–Yerel Etkileşiminin Yeni Örgütlenme Biçimleri: Ağ-Şebeke (Network) Tarzı Firma ve İdari Kurumsal Örgütlenmeler”, Kentsel Ekonomik Araştırmalar Sempozyumu (KEAS), Cilt II, s. 66-93.
ÖZLER, H., ERGUN, N.D. ve GÜMÜŞTEKİN, G.E. (2004), “Organizasyonlarda Etkileşim Mekanizmaları ile Bilgi Paylaşımı İlişkisi ve Bilgi Paylaşımını Arttırmaya Yönelik Bir Ödüllendirme Modeli”, 3. Ulusal Bilgi, Ekonomi ve Yönetim Kongresi, 25-26 Kasım, Osmangazi Üniversitesi İİBF, Eskişehir.
POLENSKE, K.R.(2008), Clustering in Space versus Dispersing Over Space, Handbook of Research on Cluster Theory (Handbooks of Research on Clusters Series), s. 133-149.
RALLET, A. ve TORRE, A. (1999), “Is Geographical Proximity Necessary in the Innovation Networks in the Era of Global Economy”, GeoJournal, Vol: 49 No: 4, Aralık 1999, ss. 373-380.
ROSENFELD, S. (1997), “Bringing Business Clusters into the Mainstream of Economic Development”, European Planning Studies, 5, 3-23.
ROTHAERMEL, F.T. (2002), Technological discontinuities and inter-ﬁrm cooperation: What determines a start-up’s attractiveness as alliance partner? IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management 49, 388–397.
SABEL, C. (1995), Experimental Regionalism and the Dilemmas of Regional Economic Policy in Europe”, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris.
SAXENIAN, A. (1994), Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
SCOTT, A.J. (2003), “New Industrial Spaces: Flexible Production Organization and Regional Development in North America and Western Europe”, Editörler: BARNES T.J., PECK
J., SHEPPARD E. ve TICKELL A., Reading Economic Geography, Blackwell Publishing, s. 125-137.
SORENSON, O. ve AUDIA, P.G. (2000), The social structure of entrepreneurial activity: Geographic concentration of footwear production in the United States, 1940–1989, American Journal of Sociology, 106(2), 424–462.
STORPER, M. ve SCOTT, A. J. (1989), “The Geographical Foundations And Social Regulation Of Flexible Production Complexes”, Editörler: WOLCH J.ve DEAR M., The Power of Geography, Allen & Unwin, London, s. 21-40.
WEBSTER, Online Dictionary, http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/milieux, Erişim: 14.06.2009.
YILMAZ, A. (2001), Regional Innovation Systems: Literature Review and The Picture for Turkey, Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, ODTÜ Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Ankara.