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Money and real fluctuations in the Chilean economy

Acuña, Andrés and Oyarzún, Carlos (2005): Money and real fluctuations in the Chilean economy. Published in: Economía y Administración , Vol. 42, No. 65 (December 2005): pp. 55-79.

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Abstract

In this paper, we assess the ability of a cash-in-advance model to replicate the behavior of the macroeconomic variables of the Chilean economy for quarterly data spanning between Q1:1986 and Q3:2005. The monetary models that we study are able to replicate the phase shift and correlation with GDP of many macroeconomic variables such as consumption, price level, and productivity. However, there are some other variables in which the model fails; namely, money and work hours. Introducing "erratic" monetary growth rates improves the ability of the model to replicate the behaviour of consumption. A sensitivity analysis shows that the main determinant of output volatility is the standard deviation of technology shock. Other deep parameters do not have an important quantitative effect on the cyclical behaviour of the macroeconomic variables.

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