Munich Personal RePEc Archive

STEM Education and Economic Performance in the American States

Ray, Rita (2015): STEM Education and Economic Performance in the American States.

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Abstract

This paper examines the effect of STEM graduates on the level and growth of real GDP per capita for the 50 US states and the District of Columbia between 1990 and 2011. This paper also examines the effect of STEM graduates on approved utility patents per one million people. The findings show that the share of STEM graduates has a statistically significant positive effect on the level and growth of real GDP per capita. The results are robust irrespective of estimation methods. The paper finds that an increase in the share of STEM graduates increases the number of approved utility patents per one million people but that the statistical significance of the results depends on the estimation methods.

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