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The credit-card-services augmented Divisia monetary aggregates

Barnett, William and Chauvet, Marcelle and Leiva-Leon, Danilo and Su, Liting (2016): The credit-card-services augmented Divisia monetary aggregates.

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Abstract

While credit cards provide transactions services, credit cards have never been included in measures of the money supply. The reason is accounting conventions, which do not permit adding liabilities to assets. However, index number theory measures service flows and is based on aggregation theory, not accounting. We derive theory needed to measure the joint services of credit cards and money. We provide and evaluate two such aggregate measures having different objectives. We initially apply to NGDP nowcasting. Both aggregates are being implemented by the Center for Financial Stability, which will provide them to the public monthly, along with Bloomberg Terminals.

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