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Yeniliklerin Dış Ticarete Etkileri Üzerine Mekansal Ekonometrik Bir Analiz: 2002-2009 Türkiye Örneği

Demir, Caner and Yurteri, Begüm and Türkcan, Burcu (2013): Yeniliklerin Dış Ticarete Etkileri Üzerine Mekansal Ekonometrik Bir Analiz: 2002-2009 Türkiye Örneği. Published in: Türkiye Ekonomisinde Dönüşüm ve Yeniden Yapılanma Arayışları (13 June 2013): pp. 71-81.

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Abstract

This study deals with the interaction between innovations and foreign trade across NUTS2 (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics–2) regions of Turkey during the time period of 2002–2009. The aim of this study is to deal with the effects of innovations on the foreign trade, by considering the spatial effects across regions. In this context, the export booster and import dimmer effects of innovations are examined through estimating two separate models for export and import. Particularly, the import model has a special importance by investigating whether innovations can be a solution to Turkey’s chronic dependence on imported inputs. Besides, choice of the research sample as NUTS2 level, allows us to examine the clustering tendency of innovations, imports and exports. The evidences show that in both export and import models, innovations have significant and positive effects on dependent variables and this result proves that in Turkey innovations have a boost effect on both variables. In addition to these, the evidences related to testing spatial effect show that there is a clustering tendency for export, import and innovations. Also this result reveals that neighborhood relations are effective on the interaction between regions.

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