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Fiscal policy and economic growth: the case of Albania

Shijaku, Gerti and Gjokuta, Arlind (2013): Fiscal policy and economic growth: the case of Albania. Published in:


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This discussion material analysis the effects of fiscal policy on the economic growth in the case of a small open developing country, Albania, by employing an endogenous growth model on a GMM approach. The results obtained show that government revenue policies has a higher effect on economic growth than those on government expenditure. The impact of revenue and expenditure on growth were analysed by categorising tax revenue into distortionary and non-distortionary, whilst government expenditure were divided into productive and non-productive. Under such composition we found that revenue sub-categories reduce growth, while distortionary taxation has much larger and statistically significant effect. Besides, the parameter values show that growth is effected positively by productive expenditure and negatively by non-productive. Also, this paper analysis the impact of public debt on growth and finds that the size of public debt is negatively related to growth rate.

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