Munich Personal RePEc Archive

The Macroeconomic Effects of Financialization and the Wage Gap between Blue and White Collar Workers

Parui, Pintu (2020): The Macroeconomic Effects of Financialization and the Wage Gap between Blue and White Collar Workers.

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Abstract

In a post-Keynesian growth model with two types of workers (blue and white-collar workers), an attempt is taken to understand changes in financial behaviour and income distribution and their macroeconomic causes and consequences. For a relatively strong speed of adjustment in the financial market and a relatively weak reserve army effect, a stable steady state is achieved in the wage-led demand regime. Unlike Sasaki et. al. (2013), an endogenous and perpetual business cycles may emerge even in the wage-led demand regime. For a relatively strong reserve army effect, a contraction in the wage gap between white and blue-collar employments can make the steady state unstable. On the contrary, in a profit-led demand regime, a rise in the wage gap can destabilize the economy. A rise in the saving propensity of rentiers (and capitalist) is detrimental to aggregate demand and worsens the income distribution. A more regulated labour market and a rise in unionization are desirable as these can mitigate income inequality.

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