Martin, Daniel and Wiley, Donna and Legree, Peter (2006): Ethnocentrism and Internal Compensation Structuring: An Experimental Examination of Point Factor Job Evaluation. Published in: Western Journal of Human Resource Management , Vol. Spring, No. 2007
Download (183kB) | Preview
“Comparable Worth” represents the concept that men, women, minorities, and whites should receive equal pay for work of equal value from their employer. Much research and many articles have been written in regards to overall pay inequities between men and women; however information regarding internal compensation strategies and perceived labor pools (percentage of minority applicants) has not been explored in depth. A total of 381 individuals participated in an experimental study that manipulated perceived labor market composition in order to establish the relative impact of ethnocentrism on the evaluation of compensable factors and salary. Results strongly supported the authors’ hypotheses, indicating that (a) significant discriminatory weighing of compensable factors by the perceived ethnicity and gender of labor pools occurs, (b) individual participant demographics (ethnicity and gender) contribute significantly to discrimination between perceived labor pools, and (c) participant individual differences significantly contribute to discriminatory weighting. Implications and directions for future research are considered.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Ethnocentrism and Internal Compensation Structuring: An Experimental Examination of Point Factor Job Evaluation|
|Keywords:||Compensation; Ethnocentrism; Internal Structure; Point Factor; Labor Pool; Discrimination; Social; Bias|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C12 - Hypothesis Testing: General
M - Business Administration and Business Economics ; Marketing ; Accounting ; Personnel Economics > M1 - Business Administration > M12 - Personnel Management ; Executives; Executive Compensation
M - Business Administration and Business Economics ; Marketing ; Accounting ; Personnel Economics > M5 - Personnel Economics > M52 - Compensation and Compensation Methods and Their Effects
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C9 - Design of Experiments > C91 - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D23 - Organizational Behavior ; Transaction Costs ; Property Rights
D - Microeconomics > D3 - Distribution > D31 - Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
A - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A13 - Relation of Economics to Social Values
?? C42 ??
M - Business Administration and Business Economics ; Marketing ; Accounting ; Personnel Economics > M5 - Personnel Economics > M51 - Firm Employment Decisions ; Promotions
M - Business Administration and Business Economics ; Marketing ; Accounting ; Personnel Economics > M5 - Personnel Economics > M54 - Labor Management
A - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A14 - Sociology of Economics
|Depositing User:||Daniel Martin|
|Date Deposited:||11 Feb 2011 18:00|
|Last Modified:||01 Mar 2017 00:45|
 Adams, M. (1999). Fair and Square, HR Magazine, 44, p.38-41  Arnault, J., Gordon, L., Joines, D. & Phillips, M. (2001). An Experimental Study of Job Evaluation and Comparable   Worth, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 54, p.806-815  Arvey, R., Maxwell, S., & Abraham, L. (1985). Reliability Artifacts in Comparable Worth Procedures, Journal of Applied Psychology, 70, Issue 4  Arvey, R. (1986). Sex Bias in Job Evaluation Procedures, Personnel Psychology, 39, p.315-335  Berry, J., Kim, U., Power, S., Young, M., & Bujaki, M. (1989). Acculturation attitudes in plural societies. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 38, 185-206.  Blumrosen, RG. (1979). Wage Discrimination, Job Segregation, and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, University of Michigan Law Review, 12, p.397-502  Cacioppo, T., Petty, R. & Kao, C. (1984). The efficient assessment of need for cognition, Journal of Personality Assessment, 48, pp. 306-307.  California Law Review (1983). Comparable Worth, Disparate Impact, and the Market Rate Salary Problem: A Legal Analysis and Statistical Application, 71, p.730-775  Chicago Area Partnerships (2003). Pathways and Progress: Best Practices to Ensure Fair Compensation Dasgupta, N., & Greenwald, A.G. (2001). On the malleability of automatic attitudes: Combating automatic prejudice with images of admired and disliked individuals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 800- 814. Devine, P.G. & Monteith, M. J. (1993). The role of discrepancy-associated affect in prejudice. In D.M. Mackie & D.L. Hamilton (Eds.) Affect, cognition, and stereotyping: Interactive processes in group perception. (pp . 317- 344). New York: Academic Press. Grinder, D., & Toombs, L. (1993). Disproving Valuation Discrimination: A Study of Evaluator Gender Bias, ACA Journal, 2 Gunderson, M. (1994). Pay and Employment Equity in the United States and Canada, International Journal of Manpower, 15, p.26-43 Heilman, M., Wallen, A., Fuchs, D., & Tamkins, M. (2004). Penalties for Success: Reactions to Women Who Succeed at Male Gender-Typed Tasks. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 89, No. 3, 416–427 Henderson (2006). Compensation Management in a Knowledge-Based World, 10th edition, Pearson-Prentice- Hall Heneman (2001). Work Evaluation: Current State of the Art and Future Prospects. World at Work Journal, Volume 10, Number 3, Third Quarter  Jones, J. (1997). Prejudice and Racism, Second Edition, McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Manning, A., & Robinson, H. (2004). Something in the Way She Moves; A Fresh Look at an Old Gap, Oxford Economic Papers, 56, p.169 Martocchio, J. (2004). Strategic Compensation: A Human Resource Management Approach (3rd Ed.) Pearson- Prentice-Hall Milkovich and Newman (2005). Compensation, 8th edition,. McGraw-Hill Irwin. Redfield, R., Linton, R., & Herskovits, M.J. (1936) Memorandum on the study of Acculturation. American Anthropologist, 38, 149-152 Rudin, J., & Byrd, K. (2003). U.S. Pay Equity Legislation: Sheep in Wolves’ Clothing, Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 15, p.183-190 Sumner, W.G. (1940) Folkways. Ginn and Company, Boston Tabachnick, B., & Fidell, L. (1996). Using multivariate statistics (3rd Ed.) Harper Collins U.S. Census Bureau (200) Projections of the Resident Population by Race, Hispanic and Nativity: Middle Series, 2016 to 2020. (NP-T5-E) Population Projections Program, Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, D.C. 20233 US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (2000). EEOC Compliance Manual, 915.003 29 United States Code, 206, Section 6, paragraph (d) 42 United States Code 2000e-2, Section 703 Waller, J. (1993). Correlation of need for cognition and modern racism. Psychological Reports, 73, 542. Weber, J. (1994) The Nature of ethnocentric attribution bias: In-group protection or enhancement. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 30, 482-504.