Majumder, Rajarshi (2010): Intergenerational mobility in educational & occupational attainment: a comparative study of social classes in India. Published in: Margin , Vol. 4, No. 4 (November 2010)
Download (184kB) | Preview
Discrimination against specific ethnic groups transcends the boundary of current generation and perpetuates across future generations as well. This is manifested as low Intergenerational Mobility in terms of both Education and Occupation in developing countries in general, and among specific ethnic groups within those countries in particular. The present paper examines the extent of intergenerational mobility in both educational and occupational attainments for diverse ethnic groups in India to understand the inertia of discrimination prevalent. Results indicate strong intergenerational stickiness in both educational achievement and occupational distribution among the scheduled castes and tribes who have been discriminated against historically. Occupational mobility is lower than educational mobility indicating that educational progress is not being transformed to occupational improvement and brings up the possibility of discrimination in the labour market. This also brings to fore the fact that historical discrimination and social exclusion have had a long run effect and the inertia is quite strong.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Intergenerational mobility in educational & occupational attainment: a comparative study of social classes in India|
|Keywords:||Intergenerational Mobility; Education; Occupational Choice; Social Disparity; India|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers > J62 - Job, Occupational, and Intergenerational Mobility
N - Economic History > N3 - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy > N35 - Asia including Middle East
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J7 - Labor Discrimination > J71 - Discrimination
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Institutions > I21 - Analysis of Education
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital ; Skills ; Occupational Choice ; Labor Productivity
|Depositing User:||Rajarshi Majumder|
|Date Deposited:||05. Sep 2012 14:01|
|Last Modified:||26. May 2015 07:06|
Becker, G.S. and N. Tomes (1979), “An Equilibrium Theory of the Distribution of Income and Intergenerational Mobility.” Journal of Political Economy, 87(6), 1153-1189.
Becker, G.S. and N. Tomes (1986), “Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families.” Journal of Labor Economics, 4, S1-S39.
Behrman, J.R. and B.L. Wolfe (1984), “The Socioeconomic Impact of Schooling in a Developing Country”, The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 66, No. 2.
Behrman J.R., Alejandro Gaviria and Miguel Székely (2001) – “Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America”, Working Paper Number 352, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department, Downloaded from www.iadb.org/res/publications/pubfiles/pubWP-452.pdf on 26-10-2009.
Beller, Emily and Michael Hout (2006) – “Intergenerational Social Mobility: The United States in Comparative Perspective”, The Future of Children, Vol. 16 / No. 2 / Fall 2006.
Biblarz, Timothy J., Vern L. Bengtson, and Alexander Bucur (1996) – “Social Mobility Across Three Generations”, Journal of Marriage and the Family, Vol. 58, No. 1 (Feb., 1996), pp. 188-200.
Bjorklund, A. and M. Jantti (2000), “Intergenerational Mobility of Socio-economic Status in Comparative Perspective.” Nordic Journal of Political Economy, 26(1), 3-33.
Black, Sandra E., Devereux, Paul J., and Salvanes, Kjell G., (2003), “Why the Apple Doesn’t Fall Far: Understanding Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital,” IZA Discussion Paper No. 926, November 2003.
Bourguignon, François, F.H.G. Ferreira and Marta Menéndez (2003) – “Inequality of Outcomes and Inequality of Opportunities in Brazil”, William Davidson Institute Working Paper Number 630, November 2003, Downloaded from www.wdi.bus.umich.edu on 30-10-2009.
Bowles, Samuel and Herbert Gintis (2002) – “The Inheritance of Inequality”, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 16, No. 3 (Summer, 2002), pp. 3-30.
Brown, Sarah, Steven McIntosh and Karl Taylor (2009) – “Following in Your Parents’ Footsteps? Empirical Analysis of Matched Parent-Offspring Test Scores”, IZA Discussion Paper No. 3986, January 2009.
Checchi, D. (1997), “Education and intergenerational mobility in occupations”, American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 56/3: 331-352
Checchi, D., C.V. Fiorio, and M. Leonardi (2008) – “Intergenerational Persistence in Educational Attainment in Italy”, IZA Discussion Paper No. 3622, July 2008.
Cheng, Yuan and Jianzhong Dai (1995) – “Intergenerational Mobility in Modern China”, European Sociological Review, Vol. 11, No. 1 (May, 1995), pp. 17-35.
Deshpande, R. and S. Palshikar (2008) – “Patterns of Occupational Mobility: How Much Does Caste matter?”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 43, No. 34, 23-29 August 2008, pp 61-70.
Driver, Edwin D. (1962) – “Caste and Occupational Structure in Central India”, Social Forces, Vol. 41, No. 1 (Oct., 1962), pp. 26-31
Erikson, R. and J.H. Goldthorpe (1992), The Constant Flux: A Study of Class Mobility in Industrial Societies, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Erikson, R. and J.H. Goldthorpe (2002), “Intergenerational Inequality: A Sociological Perspective”, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 16, No. 3 (Summer, 2002), pp. 31-44.
Gang, Ira N. & Zimmermann, Klaus F., (1999), “Is Child like Parent? Educational Attainment and Ethnic Origin”, IZA Discussion Papers No. 57, 1999
Hertz, Tom, Tamara Jayasundera, Patrizio Piraino, Sibel Selcuk, Nicole Smith, and Alina Verashchagina (2007), “The Inheritance of Educational Inequality: International Comparisons and Fifty-Year Trends,” The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, Vol. 7: Issue 2 (Advances), Article 10, Downloaded from http://www.bepress.com/bejeap/vol7/iss2/art10 on 15-12-2008.
Jalan, J. and R. Murgai (2007) – “Intergenerational Mobility in Education in India”, Processed, World Bank, Delhi.
Knight, F.H. (1935), “Professor Hayek and the Theory of Investment”, The Economic Journal, Vol. 45, No. 177, March.
Kumar, S., A. Heath, and O. Heath (2002), “Determinants of Social Mobility in India”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 37, No. 29.
Kumar, S., A. Heath, and O. Heath (2002a), “Changing Patterns of Social Mobility: Some Trends over Time”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 37, No. 40
Loury, G.C. (1981), “Intergenerational Transfers and the Distribution of Earnings.” Econometrica, 49(4), 843-867.
Louw, Megan, Servaas van Der Berg and Derek Yu (2006) – “Educational Attainment and Intergenerational Social Mobility in South Africa”, Stellenbosch Economic Working Papers Number 09/06, Downloaded from www.ekon.sun.ac.za/wpapers/2006/wp092006/wp-09-2006.pdf on 26-10-2009
Mazumder, B. (2001), “Earnings Mobility in the US: A New Look at Intergenerational Inequality.” Center for Labor Research, University of California, Berkeley, Working Paper No. 34, March.
Parsons, D.O. (1975), “Intergenerational Wealth Transfers and the Educational Decisions of Male Youth.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 89, 603-617.
Peters, H. Elizabeth (1992) – “Patterns of Intergenerational Mobility in Income and Earnings”, Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 74, No. 3 (Aug., 1992), pp. 456-466.
Solon, G.R. (1992), “Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States.” American Economic Review, 82(3), 393-408.
World Bank (2000), “World Development Report 2000-2001: Attacking Poverty”, World Bank