Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Conscription and the returns to education: Evidence from a regression discontinuity

mouganie, pierre (2014): Conscription and the returns to education: Evidence from a regression discontinuity.

[img]
Preview
PDF
MPRA_paper_62508.pdf

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

In 1997, the French government put into effect a law that permanently exempted young French male citizens born after Jan 1, 1979 from mandatory military service while still requiring those born before that cutoff date to serve. This paper uses a regression discontinuity design to identify the effect of peacetime conscription on education and labor market outcomes. Results indicate that conscription eligibility induces a significant increase in years of education, which is consistent with conscription avoidance behavior. However, this increased education does not result in either an increase in graduation rates, or in employment and wages. Additional evidence shows conscription has no direct effect on earnings, suggesting that the returns to education induced by this policy was zero.

UB_LMU-Logo
MPRA is a RePEc service hosted by
the Munich University Library in Germany.